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Murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were produced to assist in the identification and characterization of the virus-neutralizing epitopes of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV). Only MAbs that reacted in Western blotting with viral protein 2 (VP2) or immunoprecipitated VP2 neutralized the infectivity of the virus in cell culture and passively protected(More)
Virus-specific or group-specific antibody probes to potyviruses can be produced by targeting the immune response to the virus-specific, N-terminal region of the capsid protein (29-95 amino acids depending on the virus) or to the conserved core region (216 amino acids) of the capsid protein, respectively. Immunochemical analysis of overlapping, synthetic(More)
Vpr is a virion-associated protein of human immunodeficiency type 1 (HIV-1) whose function in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has been uncertain. Employing the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model to examine the effects of HIV-1 auxiliary proteins on basic cellular functions, we found that the vpr gene caused cell growth arrest and structural(More)
A synthetic peptide with the sequence of the first 20 residues of melittin and terminating with an additional cysteine amide was found to have cytolytic activity similar to that of melittin. It was apparent from MS data that the cysteine-terminating peptides had formed disulphide dimers. A peptide in which the thiol was blocked by iodoacetate showed no(More)
Vpr is a virion-associated protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) whose function in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has been uncertain. We previously employed yeast as a model to examine the effects of Vpr on basic cellular functions; intracellular Vpr was shown to cause cell-growth arrest and structural defects, and these effects(More)
The sequence of peptides necessary to inhibit melittin-induced lysis was studied using 13 peptide analogues of the inhibitor Ac-IVIFDC-NH2. Although this inhibitor is a disulfide-linked dimer, inhibition was equally effective if the thiol SH was blocked or replaced by methionine or lysine. The substitution of phenylalanine with other aromatic residues(More)
The interaction of melittin and a truncated analogue of melittin with an immobilised phosphatidylcholine monolayer has been studied using dynamic elution techniques. The melittin analogue (21Q analogue) had five amino acids omitted from the C-terminal region of melittin. The influence of temperature and methanol concentration on the binding affinity of the(More)
We have previously identified three mammalian Sec1/Munc-18 homologues in adipocytes (Tellam, J. T., McIntosh, S., and James, D. E. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 5857-5863). These proteins are thought to modulate the interaction between vesicle membrane and target membrane soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs) and thus(More)