Learn More
We have examined the effects of two DTX homologues, toxin I and toxin K, on Kv1.1, Kv1.2 and Kv1.6 channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Toxin I blocked all three channels; in contrast, toxin K was selective for Kv1.1. Both toxins slowed channel activation and inactivation kinetics with 10 nM toxin I approximately doubling activation and inactivation time(More)
The effects of cysteine-modifying reagents on the gating of rat cloned Kv1.4 channels expressed in HEK-293 cells were examined using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Cells transfected with Kv1.4 expressed a rapidly inactivating K+ current with a mid-point of activation of -31 mV and a slope factor of 5 mV measured with tail current protocols in 35 mM(More)
This study investigated the potential accident-proneness of adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a hazardous road-crossing environment. An immersive virtual reality traffic gap-choice task was used to determine whether ADHD adolescents show more unsafe road-crossing behavior than controls. Participants (ages 13 to 17) were(More)
1. Intracellular recordings from cultured rat spinal cord neurones demonstrated that Cl(-)-dependent responses to GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) (but not glycine) were increased in amplitude and duration by the steroid anaesthetic alphaxalone (3 alpha-hydroxy-5 alpha-pregnane-11,20-dione) at submicromolar concentrations that produced little or no effect on(More)
Long-lasting conductance changes triggered either by brief (millisecond) electrical stimuli and/or entry of calcium ions have been observed in a variety of excitable tissues. The electrical consequences of these events depend on the ion conductance affected and on the ion concentration gradient across the membrane, while the long-lasting nature of the(More)
1. This study used the whole-cell patch clamp technique to investigate the mechanism of action of the K+ channel blocker 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) on the cloned K+ channel mouse Kv1.1 (mKv1.1) expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. 2. Cells transfected with mKv1.1 expressed a non-inactivating, delayed rectifier-type K+ current. 4-AP induced a dose-,(More)
BACKGROUND Patients often do not get the information they require from doctors and nurses. To address this problem, interventions directed at patients to help them gather information in their healthcare consultations have been proposed and tested. OBJECTIVES To assess the effects on patients, clinicians and the healthcare system of interventions which are(More)
1. The mKv1.1 voltage-gated K+ channel has been expressed stably in Chinese hamster ovary cells and whole-cell currents recorded by the patch-clamp method. 2. A range of structurally related peptide toxins (dendrotoxins) from the venom of green mamba (Dendroaspis angusticeps) and black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis polylepis) snakes were tested for mKv1.1(More)
1. Whole-cell recordings of M-currents and single-channel recordings have been made in cultured rat sympathetic ganglion (SCG) neurones using the patch clamp technique. 2. Muscarine caused a reduction in macroscopic M-current relaxations, induced by voltage steps, and a concomitant reduction in whole-cell current noise. Power spectra of the(More)
The coexpression of the rat Kv beta 1 subunit with the mouse Kv1.1 (mKv1.1) K+ channel in Chinese hamster ovary cells caused an increase in the rate of inactivation of whole-cell current. Current decayed in a bi-exponential fashion with a fast voltage-dependent and a slower voltage-independent component. The inactivating current component accounted for(More)