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A systematic study of the metabolites in Ganoderma lucidum led to isolation of 43 triterpenoids, six of them (1-6) are hitherto unknown. The structures of the latter were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic studies and comparison with the known related compounds. All of the compounds were assayed for their inhibitory activities against human HeLa(More)
Rhubarb is an important herbal medicine for the treatment of constipation, inflammation, and cancer. In this study, a facile method based on liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry has been established for the analysis of bioactive phenolic compounds in rhubarbs. From six rhubarb species, official (Rheum(More)
By using HPLC-diode array detection-electrospray ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS(n)) in negative ion mode, we have analyzed the fragmentation pathways of 11 phenolic acids which were isolated from Danshen. Then the extract of Danshen was analyzed, and a total of 42 phenolic acids, including sixteen new minor constituents, were identified(More)
Artemisinin (1) was transformed by Mucor polymorphosporus and Aspergillus niger. Five products were identified as 9beta-hydroxyartemisinin (2), 3beta-hydroxyartemisinin (3), deoxyartemisinin (4), 3beta-hydroxydeoxyartemisinin (5), and 1alpha-hydroxydeoxyartemisinin (6). Products 2, 3, and 6 are new compounds.
A high-performance liquid chromatographic method was applied to the determination of danshensu, protocatechuic aldehyde, rosmarinic acid, lithospermic acid, salvianolic acid B and salvianolic acid A in the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza and four related traditional Chinese medicinal preparations. The six phenolic acids were simultaneously analyzed with a(More)
Biotransformation of 20(S)-protopanaxatriol (1) by the fungus Mucor spinosus AS 3.3450 gave 10 metabolites (2-10), of which 2-5 were previously known. On the basis of NMR and MS analyses, structures 6-10 were established as 12-oxo-23beta-hydroxyl-20(S)-protopanaxatriol (6), 20S,24R-epoxy-dammaran-3beta,6alpha,25-triol-12-one (7),(More)
Triterpenoids extracted from Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss. ex Fr.) Karst were separated and characterized using optimized reversed-phase liquid chromatography with diode array detection and electrospray ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS(n)). They could be classified into five types depending on the fragmentation behavior. All triterpenoids gave(More)
The metabolites in rats after administration of icariside II, icariin, epimedin C and extracts of four Epimedium species were investigated. Feces, bile, plasma and urine samples were detected comprehensively using HPLC-ESI-MS(n) method. The structures of metabolites were identified on the basis of their characteristic fragmentations in MS(n) experiments.(More)