Dean F. Sittig

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OBJECTIVE To describe the kinds of unintended consequences related to the implementation of computerized provider order entry (CPOE) in the outpatient setting. DESIGN Ethnographic and interview data were collected by an interdisciplinary team over a 7 month period at four clinics. MEASUREMENTS Instances of unintended consequences were categorized using(More)
There is a pressing need for high-quality, effective means of designing, developing, presenting, implementing, evaluating, and maintaining all types of clinical decision support capabilities for clinicians, patients and consumers. Using an iterative, consensus-building process we identified a rank-ordered list of the top 10 grand challenges in clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify types of clinical unintended adverse consequences resulting from computerized provider order entry (CPOE) implementation. DESIGN An expert panel provided initial examples of adverse unintended consequences of CPOE. The authors, using qualitative methods, gathered and analyzed additional examples from five successful CPOE sites. (More)
BACKGROUND Conceptual models have been developed to address challenges inherent in studying health information technology (HIT). METHOD This manuscript introduces an eight-dimensional model specifically designed to address the sociotechnical challenges involved in design, development, implementation, use and evaluation of HIT within complex adaptive(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the foci, activities, methods, and results of a 4-year research project identifying the unintended consequences of computerized provider order entry (CPOE). METHODS Using a mixed methods approach, we identified and categorized into nine types 380 examples of the unintended consequences of CPOE gleaned from fieldwork data and a(More)
BACKGROUND Computerized decision support reduces medication errors in inpatients, but limited evidence supports its effectiveness in reducing the coprescribing of interacting medications, especially in the outpatient setting. The usefulness of academic detailing to enhance the effectiveness of medication interaction alerts also is uncertain. METHODS This(More)
In this paper, we describe and evaluate a new distributed architecture for clinical decision support called SANDS (Service-oriented Architecture for NHIN Decision Support), which leverages current health information exchange efforts and is based on the principles of a service-oriented architecture. The architecture allows disparate clinical information(More)
BACKGROUND Real-time clinical decision support (CDS) integrated into clinicians' workflow has the potential to profoundly affect the cost, quality, and safety of health care delivery. Recent reports have identified a surprisingly low acceptance rate for different types of CDS. We hypothesized that factors affecting CDS system acceptance could be categorized(More)
BACKGROUND Given the fragmentation of outpatient care, timely follow-up of abnormal diagnostic imaging results remains a challenge. We hypothesized that an electronic medical record (EMR) that facilitates the transmission and availability of critical imaging results through either automated notification (alerting) or direct access to the primary report(More)
BACKGROUND Email is the most important mechanism introduced since the telephone for developing interpersonal relationships. This study was designed to provide insight into how patients are using email to request information or services from their healthcare providers. METHODS Following IRB approval, we reviewed all electronic mail (e-mail) messages sent(More)