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BACKGROUND Curcumin is the major yellow pigment extracted from turmeric, a commonly-used spice in India and Southeast Asia that has broad anticarcinogenic and cancer chemopreventive potential. However, few systematic studies of curcumin's pharmacology and toxicology in humans have been performed. METHODS A dose escalation study was conducted to determine(More)
BACKGROUND The complexity and heterogeneity of the human plasma proteome have presented significant challenges in the identification of protein changes associated with tumor development. Refined genetically engineered mouse (GEM) models of human cancer have been shown to faithfully recapitulate the molecular, biological, and clinical features of human(More)
We investigated whether cigarette smoking is negatively associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) in a population-based, frequency-matched, case-control study of 152 AD patients and 180 controls. Ever having smoked was associated with lower risk of AD (adjusted odds ratio = 0.61; 95% confidence interval: 0.37-0.99). Additional multivariate analyses(More)
Carbohydrate post-translational modifications on proteins are important determinants of protein function in both normal and disease biology. We have developed a method to allow the efficient, multiplexed study of glycans on individual proteins from complex mixtures, using antibody microarray capture of multiple proteins followed by detection with lectins or(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer serum protein profiling by mass spectrometry has uncovered mass profiles that are potentially diagnostic for several common types of cancer. However, direct mass spectrometric profiling has a limited dynamic range and difficulties in providing the identification of the distinctive proteins. We hypothesized that distinctive profiles may(More)
There have been an increasing number of large research consortia in recent years funded by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to facilitate multi-disciplinary, multi-institutional cancer research. Some of these consortia have central data collection plans similar to a multi-center clinical trial whereas others plan to store data locally and pool or share(More)
The CA 19-9 assay detects a carbohydrate antigen on multiple protein carriers, some of which may be preferential carriers of the antigen in cancer. We tested the hypothesis that the measurement of the CA 19-9 antigen on individual proteins could improve performance over the standard CA 19-9 assay. We used antibody arrays to measure the levels of the CA 19-9(More)
Pancreatic cancer has a poor prognosis, in part due to lack of early detection. The identification of circulating tumor antigens or their related autoantibodies provides a means for early cancer diagnosis. We have used a proteomic approach to identify proteins that commonly induce a humoral response in pancreatic cancer. Proteins from a pancreatic(More)
Previous observational studies have reported associations between prostate cancer and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). However, few investigations have been able to study this relationship prospectively and in well-controlled settings. Moreover, no studies have determined whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that influence ALA metabolism are associated(More)
Zingiber officinale is one of the most commonly used spices. We developed a method to determine the main pungent ginger constituents, 6-, 8- and 10-gingerols and 6-shogaol in human plasma. Quantitation was achieved using a reversed-phase C(18) column using high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. The assay was linear from 0.1(More)