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The opisthotonos (opt) mutation arose spontaneously in a C57BL/Ks-db2J colony and is the only known, naturally occurring allele of opt. This mutant mouse was first identified based on its ataxic and convulsive phenotype. Genetic and molecular data presented here demonstrate that the type 1 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R1) protein, which serves(More)
In the CNS, inhibitory synaptic function undergoes profound transformation during early postnatal development. This is due to variations in the subunit composition of subsynaptic GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)Rs) at differing developmental stages as well as other factors. These include changes in the driving force for chloride-mediated conductances as well as(More)
The dentate gyrus (DG) normally functions as a filter, preventing propagation of synchronized activity into the seizure-prone hippocampus. This filter or 'gatekeeper' attribute of the DG is compromised in various pathological states, including temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). This study examines the role that altered inhibition may play in the deterioration of(More)
The modern concept of neurogenesis in the adult brain is predicated on the premise that multipotent glial cells give rise to new neurons throughout life. Although extensive evidence exists indicating that this is the case, the transition from glial to neuronal phenotype remains poorly understood. A unique monolayer cell-culture system was developed to(More)
Zinc is found throughout the CNS at synapses co-localized with glutamate in presynaptic terminals. In particular, dentate granule cells' (DGC) mossy fiber (MF) axons contain especially high concentrations of zinc co-localized with glutamate within vesicles. To study possible physiological roles of zinc, visualized slice-patch techniques were used to(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid(A) receptors (GABARs) are heteromeric proteins composed of multiple subunits. Numerous subunit subtypes are expressed in individual neurons, which assemble in specific preferred GABAR configurations. Little is known, however, about the coordination of subunit expression within individual neurons or the impact this may have on GABAR(More)
Using patch clamp recording techniques in dentate granule cells (DGCs) isolated from patients undergoing temporal lobectomy for intractable epilepsy, we investigated basic properties of GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)Rs) and pharmacological sensitivity of GABA-evoked currents to modulation by zinc and benzodiazepines (BZ). Properties of human DGC GABA(A)Rs were(More)
Slice culture model systems provide a unique opportunity to monitor and lesion brain circuits in a dish. Using a novel approach, we have generated parasagittal slices from mouse brains that preserve, throughout the culture process, the nigrostriatal circuit. These slices can be cultured for approximately 4 weeks with maintenance of normal neuronal(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) is commonly used as the initial and sole imaging examination for the detection of acute cerebral infarction, yet it remains controversial whether MR can detect hyperacute (<24 h) hemorrhage. Hemorrhage is best detected with gradient-echo (GRE) T2*-weighted sequences, because of their magnetic(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptors are ligand-gated channels that release intracellular Ca2+ stores in response to the second messenger, IP3. We investigated the potential role of IP3 receptors during nuclear envelope assembly in vitro, using Xenopus egg extracts. Previous work suggested that Ca2+ mobilization is required for nuclear vesicle(More)