Dean C. Gute

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Skeletal muscle ischemia and reperfusion is now recognized as one form of acute inflammation in which activated leukocytes play a key role. Although restoration of flow is essential in alleviating ischemic injury, reperfusion initiates a complex series of reactions which lead to neutrophil accumulation, microvascular barrier disruption, and edema formation.(More)
Exposure of endothelial monolayers to hydrogen peroxide results in increased solute permeability in a time- and dose-dependent fashion. This effect is prevented by either staurosporine, an inhibitor of PKC, or by Gö6976, an inhibitor of "classical" PKC isoforms. Immunohistochemistry of peroxide-treated monolayers illustrates a loss of cadherin staining at(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) refers to a phenomenon in which a tissue is rendered resistant to the deleterious effects of prolonged ischemia and reperfusion by prior exposure to brief, repeated periods of vascular occlusion. The purposes of this study were to determine whether IPC would reduce the extent of capillary no-reflow in postischemic skeletal(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that interval sprint training (IST) selectively increases endothelium-dependent dilation (EDD) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase and/or superoxide dismutase-1 protein content in arteries and/or arterioles that perfuse the white portion of rat gastrocnemius muscle (WG). Male Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
Intravital microscopy was used to determine whether ischemic preconditioning (IPC; 5 min ischemia and 10 min reperfusion) would attenuate leukocyte adhesion and emigration induced by subsequent prolonged ischemia (60 min) and reperfusion (60 min) (I/R) in murine cremaster muscle and whether adenosine produced during IPC and/or reperfusion contributed to(More)
Long-term ethanol consumption at low to moderate levels exerts cardioprotective effects in the setting of ischemia and reperfusion (I/R). The aims of this study were to determine whether 1) a single orally administered dose of ethanol [ethanol preconditioning (EtOH-PC)] would induce a biphasic temporal pattern of protection (early and late phases) against(More)
The effects of hypoxia/aglycemia on microvascular endothelial permeability were evaluated, and the second messenger systems and the cytoskeletal-junctional protein alterations in this response were also examined. Monolayers of human dermal microvascular endothelial cells on microcarrier beads were exposed to either thioglycolic acid (5 mM, an O(2)(More)
Reperfusion of ischemic skeletal muscle leads to adverse local and systemic effects. These detrimental effects may be attenuated by interfering with or modulating the pathophysiological processes that are set in motion during ischemia and/or reperfusion. The purpose of this paper is to review the different intervention strategies that have been employed in(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) prevents the deleterious effects of prolonged ischemia and reperfusion (I/R). Because leukocyte infiltration is required to produce the microvascular dysfunction induced by I/R in the small intestine, and P-selectin-dependent leukocyte rolling is a requisite step in this process, we hypothesized that IPC would attenuate(More)