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The present study examined the role of catastrophizing in predicting levels of pain and disability in a sample of individuals who had sustained soft-tissue injuries to the neck, shoulders or back following work or motor vehicle accidents. Participants were 86 (27 men, 59 women) consecutive referrals to the Atlantic Pain Clinic, a multidisciplinary treatment(More)
1 This research examined gender differences in catastrophizing and pain in 80 healthy students (42 women, 38 men) who participated in an experimental pain procedure. Participants completed the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS; Sullivan, Bishop & Pivik, 1995) prior to immersing one arm in ice water for 1 minute. Participants were later interviewed to assess(More)
The Communal Coping Model of pain catastrophizing proposes that pain catastrophizers enact pain behaviors in order to solicit support or empathy from their social environment. By this account, pain catastrophizers might be expected to engage in behavior aimed at maximizing the probability that their pain will be perceived by others in their social(More)
Past research has shown that pain catastrophizing contributes to heightened pain experience. The hypothesis advanced in this study was that individuals who score high on measures of pain catastrophizing would also perceive more intense pain in others. The study also examined the role of pain behaviour as a determinant of the relation between catastrophizing(More)
INTRODUCTION One objective of the present research was to examine the degree to which psychological risk factors could be reduced through participation in a community-based psychosocial intervention for work-related musculoskeletal disorders. A second objective was to examine whether psychosocial risk reduction had an effect on the probability of return to(More)
PURPOSE We characterized and compared psychosocial phenotypes in a female interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome cohort and an age matched cohort without that diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Female patients with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome and controls without the condition completed a psychosocial phenotyping questionnaire(More)
BACKGROUND Canadian chronic pain prevalence estimates range from 11% to 66%, are affected by sampling and measurement bias, and largely represent urban settings. OBJECTIVES To estimate chronic pain prevalence and factors associated with pain in southeastern Ontario, a region with a larger rural than urban residence. METHODS A systematic sampling with a(More)
INTRODUCTION To estimate the prevalence of chronic prostatitis (CP)-like symptoms in African adolescents, examining the impact of demographic factors, CP-like symptoms (i.e., pain, urinary) and depressive symptoms on quality of life (QoL). MATERIALS AND METHODS Community dwelling African males aged 16-19 years (M = 16.97; SD = .88; n = 166), attending(More)
UNLABELLED Cognitive/behavioral and environmental variables are significant predictors of patient adjustment in chronic pain. Using a biopsychosocial template and selecting several pain-relevant constructs from physical, cognitive/behavioral, and environmental predictors, outcomes of pain and disability in chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome(More)
PURPOSE We characterized and compared the impact of clinical phenotypic associations between interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome and controls in relation to potentially related conditions, particularly irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS Female patients with interstitial cystitis/painful(More)