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BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the vessel wall associated with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced apoptosis of endothelial cells. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), a potent antioxidant and a critical intermediate of the electron transport chain, has been reported to inhibit LDL oxidation and thus the progression of(More)
We demonstrate here that a deletion of 14 amino acid residues directly C-terminal to the major homology region (MHR) of the HIV-1 capsid (CA) in Gag-Pol markedly affects the incorporation of Gag-Pol into virions. The 14-amino acid deletion also significantly impaired virus assembly. In agreement with previous reports, mutations at the very C-terminus of CA(More)
Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) regulates stem cells renewal, maintenance, and differentiation into different cell lineages including neuron. Changes in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration play a critical role in the differentiation of neurons. However, whether EZH2 modulates intracellular Ca(2+) signaling in regulating neuronal differentiation from human(More)
Clodronate, one of the halogenated bisphosphonates, was found to inhibit the cell growth of endocytic macrophages, osteoclasts and several cancer cells through diverse mechanisms. Cytosolic Ca2+ signaling had previously been suggested as an apoptotic signal to certain cancer cells. Whether clodronate has an anti-cancer effect and induces the Ca2+ signal in(More)
Heavy metal lead (Pb2+) is a pollutant and causes severe toxicity when present in human tissues especially the nervous system. Recent reviews have suggested that Pb2+ can target Ca2+-related proteins within neurons and that Ca2+ channels might be a candidate for Pb2+ entry. This study's main aim was to identify the functional entry pathway of Pb2+ into(More)
ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) are widely used in the engineering and cosmetic industries, and inhaled airborne particles pose a known hazard to human health; their translocation into humans is a recognized public health concern. The pulmonary–blood pathway for ZnO-NP toxicity is well documented, but whether translocation of these particles can also occur via(More)
It is well known that cytokinins are a class of phytohormones that promote cell division in plant roots and shoots. However, their targets, biological functions, and implications in mammalian systems have rarely been examined. In this study, we show that one cytokinin, zeatin riboside, can prevent pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells from serum deprivation-induced(More)
Exocytosis has been proposed to contain four sequential steps, namely docking, priming, fusion, and recycling, and to be regulated by various proteins-protein interactions. Synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP25) has recently been found to bind rabphilin, the Rab3A specific binding protein, in vitro. However, it is still unclear whether SNAP25(More)
Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is a lethal solid tumor with poor prognosis because of its invasiveness and its resistance to current therapies. Recently, ATC-CD133+ cells were found to have cancer stem cell (CSC) properties and were suggested to be important contributors to tumorigenicity and cancer metastasis. However, the molecular pathways and(More)
Resistin and endothelin-1 (ET-1) are upregulated in people with type II diabetes mellitus, central obesity, and hypertension. ET-1 signaling is involved in Ca(2+)-contraction coupling and related to blood pressure regulation. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of resistin on ET-1-increased blood pressure and Ca(2+) signaling. The blood(More)