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Three pairs of human tumour cell Lines each having a cisplatin sensitive parental cell line (normal) and a cisplatin resistant derivative were tested for their cisplatin responses and expression for three reputed mechanisms of resistance. In each case, the derivative cell lines showed resistance to cisplatin when treated either in exponential or plateau(More)
Dioscin has been shown to promote anticancer activity against several forms of cancers. However, its detailed molecular mechanisms have not been clearly clarified.In this study, we demonstrate that dioscin induces apoptosis in cancer cells through the induction of oxidative stress. Treatment with cancer cells in vitro with dioscin resulted in rapid(More)
Human melanoma cells (SK-mel-3) were treated with combinations of radiation and hyperthermia treatment and survival (using the colony forming assay) and DNA double strand breaks (dsb's) (using pulsed field gel electrophoresis) were measured for immediate and delayed plating. The cells were treated in plateau phase, so that delayed plating would result in(More)
TIMP-1 is well known to be capable of inhibiting apoptosis. Elevated levels of TIMP-1 in tumor tissue have been shown to be strongly associated with a poor response to chemotherapy. In this study, using conventional cytotoxic drugs commonly used in the treatment of breast cancer, we investigated how TIMP-1 influenced the efficacy using breast cell lines.(More)
The effect of protracted mild hyperthermia treatment at 40 and 41 degrees C given, concurrently with cisplatin, was evaluated in human normal AG1522 and human mutant XPA cells. While mild hyperthermia itself for up to 6 hours showed little to no toxic effects, it did result in significant sensitization of response to cisplatin treatment. Sensitization for(More)
The role of polymerase beta in response to radiation, cisplatin and hyperthermia was examined in a pair of mouse cell lines, comprising a normal parental line and a derivative with polymerase beta knockout. Cell survival was assessed using the colony survival assay. For irradiation, there was no difference in response between the two cell lines. Treatment(More)
The effect of mild hyperthermia on cisplatin sensitization was examined in two cell line pairs, CHO parental AA8 and irsISF, an XRCC3 mutant (deficient in homologous recombination repair), and mouse parental MEF and knockout Ku80 mutants (deficient in non-homologous endjoining repair). The results showed that mild hyperthermia 40, 41 and 42 degrees C given(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the major cause of lower respiratory tract infection in infants, young children and the elderly. Yet, the development of a vaccine to protect against RSV infection still remains an unmet need. At present, immune responses to experimental vaccines under investigation are usually evaluated by ELISA and/or by neutralization(More)
A fluorescent focus identification assay (FFIDA) was developed for use in experimental studies and for quantitation of the components in a tetravalent live oral rotavirus vaccine. The assay utilizes four serotype-specific neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAb) to detect and quantify individual rotaviruses by immunofluorescence staining of fixed(More)
Thermal radiosensitization was tested in a pair of mouse cells (MB+ wild-type and MB-, DNA polymerase beta knockout cells) and in human breast carcinoma cells (MCF7 wild-type and C716 transfected to give elevated DNA polymerase beta expression). Results showed that neither reducing DNA polymerase beta (involved in base excision repair) nor increasing it had(More)