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Nitric oxide (NO), a diffusible gas, is a messenger molecule that mediates vascular dilatation and neural transmission. The enzyme nitric oxide synthase (NOS) present in neurons is activated by Ca2+ influx associated with activation of glutamate receptors. Cultured cortical neurons containing NOS are selectively vulnerable to injury by kainic acid (KA).(More)
Cerebral ischemia/hypoxia induces histopathological changes characterized by nuclear and cytoplasmic condensation and sustained c-fos expression. The ischemic changes are thought to be initiated by excessive glutamate released by the ischemic neurons. However, no comparative study has been made between the pathological and molecular changes caused by local(More)
Fragment B, the N-terminal half of the heavy chain, an important domain of the tetanus neurotoxin molecule, was isolated for the first time. Tetanus toxin (composed of three domains, A, B, and C) was prepared from culture filtrates. Fragment A-B, derived from the toxin treated mildly with papain, was used for the isolation of fragment B. Fragment A-B(More)
The long period of bony consolidation is a concern in mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO). We have previously shown that repeated local injections of human nerve growth factor beta (NGFβ) can appreciably improve bony consolidation in a rabbit model of DO. The present study was designed to test the effect of a single injection of human NGFβ delivered by(More)
Fragment [A-B] of tetanus toxin was highly purified by combination of gel permeation chromatography, adsorption chromatography in an HPLC and immunoadsorption chromatography using anti-Fragment [C] as a ligand. The purified Fragment [A-B] (200 micrograms) elicited a peculiar toxicity, 'hypoactivity' or 'weakness', and killed the mice in ca. 73 hr and 88 hr(More)
  • L Wang, Y Zhao, +6 authors D Lei
  • 2009
Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is widely used in deformities and defects of the craniofacial bone. Accelerating inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) recovery would aid the process. Nerve growth factor (NGF) plays a vital role in peripheral nerve regeneration. In this study, the ability of locally applied human NGF beta (hNGFbeta) to enhance the morphological(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the effectiveness of the new techniques of tissue-engineered cartilage. METHODS Chondrocytes were harvested through type II collagenase digestion from the auricle of New Zealand rabbits. The cells were mixed with alginate to generate chondrocytes/alginate composites with final cellular density of 50 x 10(6) per mL. Calcium chloride was(More)
While 4 micrograms of Fragment A-B of tetanus toxin (which lacks the binding site for nervous tissue) causes flaccid paralysis and death in mice, 26 micrograms has no toxic effect in goldfish. Antibodies to either A-B or to fragment C (which contains the binding site) block the paralytic effect of whole toxin in goldfish. It is concluded that binding is(More)
OBJECTIVE To study chondrogenesis of calcium alginate-chondrocytes predetermined shapes. METHODS Chondrocytes isolated from ears of rabbit by type II collagenase digestion, and then were mixed with 1.5% solidium alginate solution. The suspension was gelled to create three spatial shapes as triangle, circle and quadrilateral by immersed into 2.5% CaCl2 for(More)
The beta-NADPH histochemical method was used to study the effect of lead on activity of nitric oxide synthase(NOS) in neurons and vessel smooth muscles of intestinal wall in rats. The results showed that the number of NOS positive neurons and fibers was decreased and degenerative changes of some NOS positive neurons were found after the lead acetate(More)