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Elevated expression of the neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) receptor TrkC by childhood medulloblastomas is associated with favorable clinical outcome. Here, we provide evidence that TrkC is more than simply a passive marker of prognosis. We demonstrate that: (a) medulloblastomas undergo apoptosis in vitro when grown in the presence of NT-3; (b) overexpression of TrkC(More)
Production of reactive oxygen metabolites by the NADPH oxidase is an essential mechanism underlying the microbicidal role of phagocytes. Receptor-mediated activation of the oxidase was originally thought to be mediated by calcium and/or by protein kinase C (PKC). However, recent evidence suggests that additional signalling pathways exist. In this article(More)
We determined the effects of okadaic acid (OA), a specific inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 (PP1) and 2A (PP2A), on protein phosphorylation and on the activation of the NADPH oxidase in human neutrophils. In otherwise unstimulated cells, OA induced phosphoprotein accumulation, revealing the presence of constitutively active protein kinases. Pulse-chase(More)
In phagocytes, activation of the respiratory burst by chemoattractants requires ATP and involves a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein. ATP is also required for the response elicited in permeabilized neutrophils by nonhydrolyzable GTP analogs, indicating that at least one of the ATP-dependent steps lies downstream of the receptor-coupled G protein(s). A(More)
To determine the role of protein phosphorylation in neutrophil activation, electropermeabilized cells were treated with vanadate, a phosphatase inhibitor. Micromolar concentrations of vanadate elicited a NADPH-dependent burst of oxygen utilization in permeabilized, but not in intact cells, indicating an intracellular site of action. Stimulation of oxygen(More)
Eighty-nine Swiss Webster mice were randomly divided into four groups: a control group, a pulsed magnetic field (PMF) group, a cytosine arabinoside (ara-C, a teratogen) group, and a combined PMF + ara-C group. Mice in the PMF and PMF + ara-C groups were irradiated with a PMF (a sawtooth waveform with 52 microseconds rise time, 12 microseconds decay time,(More)
A series of farnesylcysteine analogs was studied with respect to their abilities to interfere with fMet-Leu-Phe (fMLP)-stimulated superoxide (O2-.) release by human neutrophils. Simple acyl derivatives of farnesyl-L-cysteine, such as the N-acetyl (L-AFC) and N-isobutyryl derivatives (L-iBFC), which are substrates for the isoprenylated protein(More)
Neutrophils are known to contain a major 67-kD protein that undergoes enhanced phosphorylation and translocation to the membrane during cell stimulation. Recent studies have assumed that this 67-kD phosphoprotein is the 67-kD subunit of the phagocyte oxidase (p67-phox). We compare here the protein phosphorylation patterns in lysates of normal neutrophils(More)
Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have identified activation in the prefrontal-parietal-sub-cortical circuit during feigned memory impairment when comparing with truthful telling. Here, we used fMRI to determine whether neural activity can differentiate between answering correctly, answering randomly, answering incorrectly, and(More)
Electropermeabilized human neutrophils were used to investigate the possible role of G-proteins in the respiratory burst elicited by concanavalin A (Con A). The Con A-induced activation of the NADPH oxidase was not inhibited by either pertussis toxin or cholera toxin. However, the burst was inhibited by GDP and GDP beta S providing evidence for the(More)
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