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The mechanism of human plasminogen (HPlg) activation by streptokinase (SK)-type activator was investigated with recombinant truncated SK peptides. An enzyme-substrate intermediate of HPlg.SK. HPlg ternary complex was demonstrated by a sandwich-binding experiment. Formation of the ternary complex was saturable, HPlg-specific, and inhibited by 6-aminocaproic(More)
We have investigated the effect of IMM-H004 (7-hydroxy-5-methoxy-4-methyl-3-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-2H-chromen-2-one), a coumarin derivative, on the amyloid beta (Aβ)-induced neurotoxicity in primary culture cortical neurons and pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. Our results showed that treatment with IMM-H004 markedly reduced the number of apoptotic cells(More)
Here we describe the cloning, localization, and characterization of a novel mammalian endo-apyrase (LALP1) in human and mouse. The predicted human LALP1 gene encodes a 604-amino acid protein, whereas the mouse Lalp1 gene encodes a 606-amino acid protein. The human and mouse genes have 88% amino acid sequence identity. These genes share considerable(More)
Regions within the 5'-flanking sequence of the bovine CYP17 (P-450(17)alpha) gene which are required for cAMP-dependent regulation of transcription have been localized by transient transfection of chimeric reporter gene constructs into mouse adrenal tumor Y1 cells. Two sequences have been found which individually confer cAMP responsiveness to reporter(More)
Glu1-, Lys77-, miniplasminogens, kringle 1-3, kringle 1-5A, and kringle 1-5R were able to bind with fibrin, while microplasminogen and kringle 4 did not bind significantly. Kringle 1-5A, but not kringle 1-3, effectively inhibited the binding of Glu1-, Lys77-, and miniplasminogens with fibrin. Miniplasminogen also inhibited the binding of Glu1-plasminogen(More)
Several peptide fragments of streptokinase (SK) were prepared by incubating SK with immobilized human plasmin (hPlm) and purified by h.p.l.c. with a reverse-phase phenyl column. The N-terminal sequences, amino acid compositions and molecular masses of these peptide fragments were determined. The SK peptide fragment of 36 kDa consisting of Ser60-Lys387(More)
Glu-plasminogen, kringle 1-5, kringle 1-3, and miniplasminogen exhibited strong binding to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). On the other hand, no significant binding was obtained with microplasminogen and kringle 4. Kringle 1-5 and miniplasminogen, which both contained kringle 5, specifically inhibited the binding of plasminogen to HUVEC(More)
The specific functions of the amino acid residues in the streptokinase (SK) gamma-domain were analyzed by studying the interactions of human plasminogen (HPlg) and SK mutants prepared by charge-to-alanine mutagenesis. SK with mutations of groups of amino acids outside the coiled coil region of SK gamma-domain, SK(K278A,K279A,E281A,K282A), and(More)
In our test system, the action of glucagon o n steroid oxidation follows a dose-response relationship similar to its actions on diacylglycerol generation and not on cyclic AMP generation [ 171. The fact that it does not act via activation of adenylate cyclase and generation of cyclic AMP was proved by the usc of I-N-a-trinitrophenylhistidine12-homoarginine(More)
The novel mutant streptokinase, SK-K59E, can activate human plasminogen as efficiently as the purified commercially available streptokinase. Several peptide bonds including Lys59-Ser60 in native streptokinase were hydrolyzed in reaction with plasmin and peptides of small molecular masses were generated. The plasminogen activator activity of native(More)