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The phospholipid growth factors sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) are ligands for the related G protein-coupled receptors S1P(1)/EDG1 and LPA(1)/EDG2, respectively. We have developed a model of LPA(1) that predicts interactions between three polar residues and LPA. One of these, glutamine 125, which is conserved in the LPA(More)
Hearing impairment is the most commonly occurring condition that affects the ability of humans to communicate. More than 50% of the cases of profound early-onset deafness are caused by genetic factors. Over 40 loci for non-syndromic deafness have been genetically mapped, and mutations in several genes have been shown to cause hearing loss. Mutations in the(More)
Originating from its DNA sequence, a computational model of the Edg1 receptor has been developed that predicts critical interactions with its ligand, sphingosine 1-phosphate. The basic amino acids Arg(120) and Arg(292) ion pair with the phosphate, whereas the acidic Glu(121) residue ion pairs with the ammonium moiety of sphingosine 1-phosphate. The(More)
In many tissue types, wound healing involves cell division and migration over and into the wound area to cover and remodel the wound. LPA and other members of the phospholipid lipid growth factor (PLGF) family stimulate many of the activities involved in wound healing. In the rabbit cornea, we have found that keratocytes from wounded corneas have a(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is produced by a variety of activated cell types and acts as an intercellular mediator of processes associated with inflammation and repair including platelets aggregation, and smooth muscle and fibroblast proliferation. However no previous studies have examined the effects of LPA on endothelial cell leukocyte interactions. We(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) are serum-borne lipid mediators with potential proinflammatory and atherogenic properties. We studied the effects of LPA and S1P on [Ca(2+)](i), a second messenger of cellular activation, in human monocytic Mono Mac 6 (MM6) cells. LPA and S1P induced [Ca(2+)](i) transients with EC(50) values of(More)
Blood plasma and serum contain factors that activate inwardly rectifying GIRK1/GIRK4 K+ channels in atrial myocytes via one or more non-atropine-sensitive receptors coupled to pertussis-toxin-sensitive G-proteins. This channel is also the target of muscarinic M(2) receptors activated by the physiological release of acetylcholine from parasympathetic nerve(More)
Sixteen patients from nine Chinese families with spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) were heterozygous for a CAG repeat expansion in the SCA2 gene containing 37 to 56 repeats, whereas the normal alleles carried 14 to 28 repeats. One or two CAA triplets within the CAG tract were seen in normal, but not in the expanded alleles. A strong inverse correlation(More)
The serum-derived phospholipid growth factor, lysophosphatidate (LPA), activates cells through the EDG family of G protein-coupled receptors. The present study investigated mechanisms by which dephosphorylation of exogenous LPA by lipid phosphate phosphatase-1 (LPP-1) controls cell signaling. Overexpressing LPP-1 decreased the net specific cell association(More)