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The neuropeptide alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) is a powerful suppressor of inflammation mediated by macrophages, which express at least two receptors, melanocortin 1 and 3 receptors (MC1r and MC3r) that bind alpha-MSH. Albeit, the anti-inflammatory activity of alpha-MSH has been well documented in macrophages, the mechanisms of alpha-MSH(More)
The effect of comparable concentrations of H(2)O(2) and tertiary butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) upon an immortal murine lens epithelial cell line was examined as part of an ongoing effort to delineate differences in the mechanism by which these peroxides cause cell death. Both compounds result in cell death of normal, unconditioned cells within 24hr. It was(More)
Genome evolution arises from two main ways of duplication and reduction. Fish specific genome duplication (FSGD) may have occurred before the radiation of the teleosts. Common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) has been considered to be a tetraploid species, because of its chromosome numbers (2n=100) and its high DNA content. Using 69 microsatellite primer pairs,(More)
The conjunctiva is a mucous membrane that covers the sclera and lines the inside of the eyelids. Throughout the conjunctiva are goblet cells that secrete mucins to protect the eye. Chronic inflammatory diseases such as allergic conjunctivitis and early dry eye lead to increased goblet cell mucin secretion into tears and ocular surface disease. The purpose(More)
Dietary caloric restriction (CR) is the only experimental intervention that can reliably retard the development of cataract in a normal animal model. Here we have studied the possible mechanisms by which CR retards the age-related degeneration of the lens of Brown Norway rats. We have found that CR slowed protein insolubilization and blunted declines of the(More)
PURPOSE The response of lens systems to oxidative stress is confusing. Antioxidative defense systems are not mobilized as expected, and unanticipated defenses appear important. Therefore, mouse lens cell lines conditioned to survive different peroxide stresses have been analyzed to determine their global changes in gene expression. METHODS The immortal(More)
PURPOSE To determine the order and components of the signaling pathway utilized by epidermal growth factor (EGF) to stimulate conjunctival goblet cell proliferation. METHODS Goblet cells from rat bulbar and forniceal conjunctiva and human bulbar conjunctiva were grown in organ culture. Goblet cells (GCs) were serum starved for 24 hours and preincubated(More)
The neural retina of mammals consists of light sensitive photoreceptors and connecting neural cells that receive and send visual signal to the brain. Dietary caloric restriction (CR) is the only experimental intervention that can reliably retard the age-related degeneration of the retina in a normal mammalian model. Here, we studied the effect of CR on(More)
The conjunctiva is a moist mucosal membrane that is constantly exposed to an array of potential pathogens and triggers of inflammation. The NACHT, leucine rich repeat (LRR), and pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) is a Nod-like receptor that can sense pathogens or other triggers, and is highly expressed in wet mucosal membranes. NLRP3 is a member of(More)
PURPOSE To isolate and characterize cultured myoepithelial cells (MECs) from rat lacrimal gland and determine which purinergic receptor subtypes are present and functional in MECs. METHODS Rat lacrimal glands were subjected to collagenase digestion, and MECs were grown. RT-PCR was performed for the purinergic receptors P2X(7), P2Y(1), P2Y(11), and P2Y(13)(More)