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We have examined the expression of a 66-kD neurofilament protein (NF-66) in the developing inner ear. Mouse embryos, fetuses, and neonates were fixed in Methacarn, embedded in paraffin, and sectioned. A polyclonal antiserum raised specifically to NF-66 and unreactive to NF-L, -M, -H, and peripherin was used for immunocytochemical staining. NF-66(More)
Using quantitative immunoblotting, we have measured the level of two mammalian neurofilament proteins, the 68-kDa NF-L and the 66-kDa NF-66 (alpha-internexin), in the rat CNS during development. NF-66 is localized in neurons and neuronal processes in both embryonic and postnatal brain. Importantly, NF-66 is more abundant than NF-L in both forebrain and(More)
To determine the role of L-Myc in normal mammalian development and its functional relationship to other members of the Myc family, we determined the normal patterns of L-myc gene expression in the developing mouse by RNA in situ hybridization and assessed the phenotypic impact of L-Myc deficiency produced through standard gene targeting methodology. L-myc(More)
To further elucidate the role of the constitutive heat shock protein-70 (HSC70) as a chaperone for the synthesis of myelin basic protein (MBP), HSC70 content was decreased in oligodendrocyte precursor cells prior to MBP expression either by transfection with an antisense oligonucleotide specific for HSC70, or by exposure to low levels of quercetin, a(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by a chronic inflammatory process that targets the synovial lining of diarthrodial joints. TIM-3 plays a key role in the negative regulation of the immune response. In this study, we investigated the expression of TIM-3 on CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from systemic (peripheral blood) and local (synovial fluid)(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis, in which T cell responses and cytokines may play critical roles in the development of the disease. TIM-3 may affect immune responses and is correlated with decreased expression of interferon gamma (INF-γ) in CD4+ T cells. In the current study, we investigated the association between polymorphisms in(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic brain injury (TBI) produces lasting neurological deficits that plague patients and physicians. To date, there is no effective method to combat the source of this problem. Here, we utilized a mild, closed head TBI model to determine the modulatory effects of a natural dietary compound, astaxanthin (AST). AST is centrally active following(More)
Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), the 66 kDa neurofilament protein (NF-66), actin, the 27 kDa heat shock protein (HSP27) and the 70 kDa constitutive heat shock protein (HSC70) were analyzed in human fetal brain during the second trimester, from 10 to 24 gestational weeks (GW). By immunohistochemistry, cell-type specific localization of GFAP and NF-66(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) remains to be the most devastating type of trauma for patients because of long lasting disability and limited response to the acute drug administration and efforts at rehabilitation. With the purpose to identify potential targets for SCI treatment and to gain more insights into the mechanisms of SCI, the microarray data of GSE2270,(More)
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory rheumatic disease strongly associated with HLA-B*27, an major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecule that presents peptide antigen to T cells. Previously, regulatory B cells were found to suppress T cell-mediated autoimmunity induction and chronic inflammation, partially through interleukin (IL)-10(More)