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The C. elegans lag-2 gene is required for several cell-cell interactions that rely on the receptors GLP-1 and LIN-12. In this paper, we report that lag-2 encodes a putative membrane protein with sequence similarity to Drosophila Delta, a proposed ligand for the Notch receptor. Furthermore, we show that the lag-2 promoter drives expression of a reporter(More)
In wild-type Caenorhabditis elegans, the gonad is a complex epithelial tube that consists of long arms composed predominantly of germline tissue as well as somatic structures specialized for particular reproductive functions. In gon-1 mutants, the adult gonad is severely disorganized with essentially no arm extension and no recognizable somatic structure.(More)
Use of a cryoprotective agent is indispensable to prevent injury to human spermatozoa during the cryopreservation process. However, addition of cryoprotective agents to spermatozoa before cooling and their removal after warming may create severe osmotic stress for the cells, resulting in injury. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that(More)
Osmotic permeability characteristics and the effects of cryoprotectants are important determinants of recovery and function of spermatozoa after cryopreservation. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the osmotic permeability parameters of human spermatozoa in the presence of cryoprotectants. A series of experiments was done to: 1) validate the(More)
The LAG-2 membrane protein is a putative signaling ligand for the LIN-12 and GLP-1 receptors of Caenorhabditis elegans. LAG-2, like its Drosophila homologues Delta and Serrate, acts in a conserved signal transduction pathway to regulate cell fates during development. In this article, we investigate the functional domains of LAG-2. For the most part, mutants(More)
BACKGROUND T-cell infiltration in estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast tumours has been associated with longer survival. To investigate this association and the potential of tumour T-cell infiltration as a prognostic and predictive marker, we have conducted the largest study of T cells in breast cancer to date. PATIENTS AND METHODS Four studies(More)
Hyperosmotic stress, which cells experience during the freezing process, and its release during the warming process are both related to cryoinjury. To define optimal cooling or warming rates and prevent osmotic injury to human sperm, information is required regarding the osmotic tolerance of the cells as a function of 1) time, 2) temperature, 3) type of(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypotheses that there is a two-factor aspect of cellular damage during cryopreservation that occurs in human sperm (osmotic effects versus intracellular ice formation) and that there is a cooling rate by warming rate interaction related to this damage. DESIGN Ejaculates from healthy men were cooled at 0.1, 1.0, 10, 175, or 800(More)
This paper outlines a system for detection of cardiac arrhythmias within ECG signals, based on a Bayesian Artificial Neural Network (ANN) classifier. The Bayesian (or Probabilistic) ANN Classifier is built by the use of a logistic regression model and the back propagation algorithm based on a Bayesian framework. Its performance for this task is evaluated by(More)
Fenfluramine is an indirect agonist of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptors that acts by evoking 5-HT release and blocking 5-HT reuptake in neuronal cells. The current study compared the antinociceptive properties of fenfluramine with those of the tricyclic antidepressants amitriptyline and desipramine in rat models of acute, persistent, and neuropathic(More)