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The detection of DNA polymorphisms by RFLP analysis is having a major impact on identity testing in forensic science. At present, this approach is the best effort a forensic scientist can make to exclude an individual who has been falsely associated with an evidentiary sample found at a crime scene. When an analysis fails to exclude a suspect as a potential(More)
This paper summarizes the results of 2 studies designed to investigate the influence of several manufacturing and curing treatments on the appearance of Cheddar cheese defects. Specifically, 2 defects, calcium lactate crystal formation and the expulsion of free liquid (weeping) were monitored in Cheddar cheese. Both studies were conducted at a commercial(More)
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify the HLA DQ alpha gene using DNA recovered from evidentiary samples. Amplified HLA DQ alpha DNA was then typed using sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes. Slight modifications of previously published DNA extraction methods improved typing success of bloodstains and semen-containing material.(More)
To explore the effect of rearing-plant species on the contribution of the symbiotic bacterium, Buchnera, to aphid performance, larvae of Aphis fabae that contained the bacteria (symbiotic aphids) and larvae experimentally deprived of the bacteria (aposymbiotic aphids) were reared on 16 plant species. Mortality of aphids was low on most plant species. The(More)
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) profile results were obtained from bloodstains and other body fluid stains subjected to mixture with other body fluids, environmental insults (sunlight and temperature), different substrates (cotton, nylon, blue denim, glass, aluminum, and wood), and contaminants (gasoline, bleach,(More)
Since 2009, the Queensland coast has experienced high rainfall with the associated runoff causing high turbidity levels that block the sunlight needed for seagrass growth. This has resulted in a several fold increase in stranded sea turtles due to starvation as seagrasses are the preferred diet for these species. This increase in standings exceeded the(More)
The results of additional validation studies of a sensitive microplate hemagglutination assay for ABO reverse grouping of bloodstains are presented. The results of the validation study demonstrate the reliability of the microplate assay for use in routine serological casework. Based on these studies, the microplate assay has now replaced the Lattes crust(More)
A method to use ionizing radiation to inactivate HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) in human body fluids was studied in an effort to reduce the risk of accidental infection to forensic science laboratory workers. Experiments conducted indicate that an X-ray absorbed dose of 25 krad was required to completely inactivate HIV. This does not alter forensically(More)
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