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The functional activities of the photosynthetic apparatus of two tomato cultivars of different thermotolerance were investigated after a short period of high temperature treatment. Seedlings of two tomato genotypes, Lycopersicon esculentum var. Campbell-28 and the wild thermotolerant Nagcarlang, were grown under a photoperiod of 16h at 25 degrees C and dark(More)
In plants, the presence of thioredoxin (Trx), peroxiredoxin (Prx), and sulfiredoxin (Srx) has been reported as a component of a redox system involved in the control of dithiol-disulfide exchanges of target proteins, which modulate redox signalling during development and stress adaptation. Plant thiols, and specifically redox state and regulation of thiol(More)
Together with reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide is an essential part of the signal transduction induced by stress conditions. In this work we study the pattern of S-nitrosylated proteins from mitochondria of pea plants subjected to 150mM NaCl for 5 and 14days. A differential pattern of target proteins was found during plant development and salt stress,(More)
The effects of an oligogalacturonic acid (OGA) pool on root length of intact alfalfa seedlings (Medicago sativa L.), on extracellular pH and on both extracellular and intracellular O₂⁻ dynamics were examined in this study. Lower OGA concentrations (25, 50 and 75 μg mL⁻¹)promoted root length, but 50 μg mL⁻¹ had a stronger effect in promoting growth, while(More)
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) roots were treated with 50 and 100 μg cm−3 of oligogalacturonide (OGA) solutions with a degree of polymerization between 7 and 15. Changes in the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POX), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR) and dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR) as(More)
The refining process in the petrochemical industry generates oil refinery sludges, a potentially contaminating waste product, with a high content of hydrocarbons and heavy metals. Faster degradation of hydrocarbons has been reported in vegetated soils than in non-vegetated soils, but the impact of these contaminants on the plants physiology and on their(More)
Purification and characterisation of pepper (Capsicum annuum L) chloroplasts and chromoplasts isolated from commercial green, red and yellow mature fruits were undertaken. Induction of the synthesis of several antioxidants in organelles isolated from mature fruits was found. The ultrastructure of organelles and the presence and activity of SOD isozymes and(More)
Mitochondrial respiration provides the energy needed to drive metabolic and transport processes in cells. Mitochondria are a significant site of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in plant cells, and redox-system components obey fine regulation mechanisms that are essential in protecting the mitochondrial integrity. In addition to ROS, there are(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has emerged as an important signaling molecule in plants, but little is known about the effects of reactive nitrogen species in plant mitochondria. In this study, the effects of DETA-NONOate, a pure NO slow generator, and of SIN-1 (3-morpholinosydnonimine), a peroxynitrite producer, on the activities of respiratory pathways, enzymatic and(More)
Peach fruits were selected to study the protein pattern and antioxidant system as well as oxidative parameters such as superoxide radical and hydrogen peroxide accumulation, at two maturity stages, which were chosen for being suitable for the processing industry and fresh consumption. The proteins phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase, sucrose synthase, and(More)