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PURPOSE It is well known that hypertrophic tonsils and adenoids may cause upper-airway obstruction. The aim of this study is to determine the mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) in children with hypertrophic tonsils and adenoids and to clarify whether tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) has any effect on mean pulmonary arterial pressure of these(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking has been associated with increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system. In this study, we investigated cardiac autonomic function in heavy smokers and nonsmoker controls by analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). METHOD Twenty-four long-term heavy smokers (men) and twenty-two nonsmoker subjects (hospital staff) were(More)
Electrocardiographic repolarization changes, comprising QT prolongation, are most commonly seen after intracerebral hemorrhage. In this study in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), QT dispersion and its daily changes were examined and the relation between QT dispersion and in-hospital mortality assessed. In 28 patients with intracerebral(More)
Acute cigarette smoking enhances adrenergic activity and thus may be associated with hemodynamic changes in the cardiovascular system. In this study, the acute effect of cigarette smoking on heart rate variability (HRV) was studied. Fifteen subjects were included in the study. Time domain (the mean R-R interval, the standard deviation of R-R interval, and(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired flow mediated dilatation (FMD) and increased wall thickness (WT) of the brachial artery have been associated with atherosclerosis and its risk factors. In this study we sought to determine brachial artery wall thickness in chronic smokers and the instantaneous effect of smoking on brachial artery endothelium dependent vasodilator(More)
Acute effects of smoking on left ventricular function have been studied previously. However, effects on right ventricular function have not yet been investigated. In this study, we attempted to investigate, through a combination of conventional and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), the acute effects of smoking on both left and right ventricular function in(More)
OBJECTIVE GuideLiner catheter provides adequate back-up support and a coaxial guide engagement for stent delivery in complex coronary anatomies. In this study, we aimed to present one of the largest series of experience with GuideLiner catheter utilized for challenging percutaneous coronary interventions in two centers. METHODS We retrospectively(More)
BACKGROUND Sildenafil citrate may have direct cardiac electrophysiological effects, and is possibly responsible for some cardiac events. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of sildenafil citrate on QT dynamicity properties with a new QT analysis program showing even small changes in ventricular repolarization. METHODS Twenty-four-hour(More)
Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a rare complication of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) via the transfemoral approach. Aetiological factors leading to VSD have been reported as post-balloon dilatation, oversized prosthesis implantation, and severe calcification of the aorta. However, we present a case of VSD occurring after TAVI with an(More)
BACKGROUND P-wave dispersion (PWD), a measure of heterogeneity of atrial refractoriness, is defined as the difference between the maximum and minimum P-wave duration. In patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS), P-wave duration and PWD were shown to be increased, indicating atrial electrical remodeling. However, the effect of transcatheter aortic valve(More)