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BACKGROUND Sputum cytology for the mass screening of lung carcinoma is a noninvasive, repeatable, and useful examination, but the detection rate is usually < 0.05% and the reliability is not high. METHODS The anthracotic index (AI) and methylation status of the promoter regions of the p16, adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), and retinoic acid receptor-beta(More)
BACKGROUND Stepwise progression of peripheral-type lung adenocarcinoma was characterized morphologically and was related to prognosis. Expression of the tumor suppressor gene p16 in pulmonary adenocarcinoma decreased, mainly as a result of aberrant methylation of the CpG islands of the promoter region. METHODS Aberrant methylation status of the p16(More)
In order to characterize the relationship between background anthracosis and pulmonary adenocarcinogenesis, surgically resected tissues of 66 cases of stage I pulmonary adenocarcinoma, 4 cm or less at their greatest dimension, were examined. These cases were diagnosed based on the classification of small-sized adenocarcinoma of the lung (Noguchi et al.,(More)
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