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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Oxidant stress, especially in the premature, plays a major role in the pathogenesis of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathies mostly manifested in the periventricular region. We studied the vasomotor mode of actions of the peroxidation product 15-F(2t)-isoprostane (15-F(2t)-IsoP) (8-iso-prostaglandin F(2alpha)) on periventricular region(More)
It has been postulated that intracellular binding sites for platelet-activating factor (PAF) contribute to proinflammatory responses to PAF. Isolated nuclei from porcine cerebral microvascular endothelial cells (PCECs) produced PAF-molecular species in response to H(2)O(2). Using FACS analysis, we demonstrated the expression of PAF receptors on cell and(More)
PURPOSE Newborn rats exposed to hyperoxia during the first days of life have been shown to exhibit not only vasculopathy but also permanent changes in the structure and function of the retina. Given that the rat retina is immature at birth and that the maturation process continues until the opening of the eyes at 14 days of life, this study was conducted to(More)
Prostanoids exert significant effects on circulatory beds. They play a role in the response of the vasculature to adjustments in perfusion pressure and oxygen and carbon dioxide tension, and they mediate the actions of numerous factors. The role of prostanoids in governing circulation of the perinate is suggested to surpass that in the adult. Prostanoids(More)
The failure of blood vessels to revascularize ischemic neural tissue represents a significant challenge for vascular biology. Examples include proliferative retinopathies (PRs) such as retinopathy of prematurity and proliferative diabetic retinopathy, which are the leading causes of blindness in children and working-age adults. PRs are characterized by(More)
BACKGROUND Intravitreal neovascular diseases, as in ischemic retinopathies, are a major cause of blindness. Because inflammatory mechanisms influence vitreal neovascularization and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 promotes tumor angiogenesis, we investigated the role of COX-2 in ischemic proliferative retinopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS We describe here that COX-2 is(More)
PURPOSE To test whether platelet-activating factor (PAF) directly causes retinovascular endothelial cell (EC) death. METHODS Retinovascular density was calculated in rat pups exposed to 80% O(2) from postnatal days (P)6 to P14 (to produce oxygen-induced retinopathy [OIR]), using the adenosine diphosphatase (ADPase) technique, in animals treated with(More)
PURPOSE To study the role of free radicals in autoregulation of retinal blood flow (RBF) and choroidal blood flow (ChBF) and the contribution of the cyclooxygenase pathway in free radical formation during blood pressure changes in 1- to 3-day-old pigs. METHODS Blood pressure was adjusted by inflating balloon-tipped catheters placed at the aortic isthmus(More)
We reported upregulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) by PGE(2) in tissues and presence of perinuclear PGE(2) receptors (EP). We presently studied mechanisms by which PGE(2) induces eNOS expression in cerebral microvessel endothelial cells (ECs). 16,16-Dimethyl PGE(2) and selective EP(3) receptor agonist M&B28767 increased eNOS expression in(More)
The role of prostanoids in setting the range of autoregulation of retinal blood flow (RBF) and choroidal blood flow (ChBF) in the newborn was assessed. The RBF, ChBF, and arterial and cerebral sinus concentrations of PGE, PGF2 alpha, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and TXB2 were measured over a wide range of mean systemic blood pressure (blood pressure (BP): 17-117 mm(More)