Dawn R. Sessions

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Recent studies associate obesity and insulin resistance in horses with development of abnormal reproductive function and debilitating laminitis. The factors contributing to insulin resistance in obese horses are unknown. However, human studies provide evidence that elevated inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), IL1, and IL6(More)
Peripheral clocks receive timing signals from the master mammalian pacemaker in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and function to adaptively anticipate daily changes that influence local physiology. Evidence suggests that peripheral immune activation may act as a resetting signal for circadian clocks in peripheral tissues. We wished to investigate whether(More)
Twelve untrained aged mares were used to determine whether 7 days of light exercise improved peripheral tissue insulin sensitivity. Mares were divided into obese-exercised (n = 3), obese-sedentary (n = 3), lean-exercised (n = 3) and lean-sedentary (n = 3) groups. The exercised groups were worked at a trot to a heart rate (HR) of not more than 140 beats/min(More)
In mares, obesity is associated with continuous reproductive activity during the non-breeding season. To investigate the effect of obesity and associated alterations in metabolic parameters on the oestrous cycle, two related studies were conducted. In Experiment 1, obese (body condition score > 7) mares were fed ad libitum or were moderately feed restricted(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether an inflammatory challenge induces insulin resistance in horses and examine possible contributions of adipose tissue to inflammatory cytokine production. ANIMALS 15 adult mares. PROCEDURES Lipopolysaccharide (0.045 mug/kg, IV) or saline solution was administered, and insulin sensitivity was determined by means of the(More)
The master mammalian pacemaker in the brain controls numerous diverse physiological and behavioral processes throughout the organism. Timing information is continually transmitted from the master clock to peripheral organs to synchronize rhythmic daily oscillations of clock gene transcripts and control local physiology. To investigate the presence of(More)
Peripheral insulin resistance is the failure of proper cellular glucose uptake in response to insulin. Insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia are associated with several disease states in the horse and reproductive function disturbances in humans, including polycystic ovarian syndrome. To test the hypothesis that insulin resistance (IR) and(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid displacement across multiple time zones results in a conflict between the new cycle of light and dark and the previously entrained program of the internal circadian clock, a phenomenon known as jet lag. In humans, jet lag is often characterized by malaise, appetite loss, fatigue, disturbed sleep and performance deficit, the consequences of(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and tissue inhibitors of MMP (TIMP) regulate tissue remodeling events necessary for ovulation. Thus, changes in MMP and TIMP expression and protein enzyme activity were examined in vivo and in vitro during follicular development and atresia in the horse. Equine granulosa cells and follicular fluid from medium (15 to 29 mm)(More)
The seasonal nature of reproductive activity in mares is widely accepted and considerable attention has focused on the mechanisms that lead to the initiation of the breeding season. In contrast, considerably less information is available about the termination of the breeding season. It is interesting to note that each winter a sub-population of mares(More)
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