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Five lactating dairy cows with a permanent cannula in the rumen were given (kg DM/d) a normal diet (7.8 concentrates, 5.1 hay) or a low-roughage (LR) diet (11.5 concentrates, 1.2 hay) in two meals daily in a two-period crossover design. Milk fat (g/kg) was severely reduced on diet LR. To measure rates of production of individual volatile fatty acids (VFA)(More)
PURPOSE IL-13, RANTES (Regulated on Activation, Normal T cells Expressed and Secreted), and cysteinyl leukotrienes are asthma and atopy mediators. Two RANTES -403(G to A) and -28(C to G), an -1055 IL-13(C to T), and a -444(A to C) leukotriene C4 synthase (LTC4S) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been shown in Caucasians and Asians as asthma and(More)
Four lactating Friesian cows with permanent cannulas in the rumen and proximal duodenum were given early (EC)- or late (LC)-cut grass silage ad lib., each with either 3 or 9 kg concentrate dry matter (DM)/d in a 4 x 4 Latin square design starting about 10 weeks after calving. Feed was offered twice daily at 08.30 hours and 15.30 hours. Periods lasted 5(More)
Four lactating dairy cows received arterial infusions of insulin (1.41 U/h), an AA mixture (threonine, methionine, leucine, phenylalanine, and lysine at 5.87, 1.90, 3.55, 2.17, and 4.21 mmol/h, respectively), and a combination of the two in a 4 x 4 Latin square. The infusions were performed over a 3-d period directly into the extra pudic artery on both(More)
OBJECT Studies have shown decreased levels of nitric oxide (NO), the product of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) gene activity, in infants with respiratory conditions and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). The authors evaluated the association of the eNOS gene promoter polymorphism T-786C with the cause of these conditions (respiratory conditions and IVH) in(More)
PURPOSE Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a vasoproliferative disorder affecting preterm infants leading to visual impairment. ROP is more common in Caucasians than African Americans. Very low birth weight infants have immature retinas and are susceptible to ROP. Because of differences in individual responses to the treatment, various genetic factors have(More)
PURPOSE Studies documented that platelet activating factor (PAF) and the enzyme platelet activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAFAH) play a very important role in the pathogenesis of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). In this retrospective, case-controlled pilot study, the authors investigated the prevalence of single nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
Sixteen Friesian cows were used in Expt 1 to measure the effect of substituting urea-N with fishmeal-N either in early lactation (Part 1) or in mid-lactation (Part 2). In Part 1 (days 15-84 of lactation) the major N constituent of the concentrate was urea (U), urea-N: fishmeal-N in the ratio 2:1 (UF) or 1:2 (FU), or fishmeal (F). In Part 2 (days 84-175 of(More)
The results are reported of four feeding experiments in which lactating cows were given fixed rations of hay and high-cereal concentrates at different meal frequencies. In Expt 1 the total ration was given in two and twenty-four meals daily and in Expts 2-4, the concentrates were given in two and five or six meals and the hay was given twice daily. The(More)