Dawn L. Updike

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Gelatinase A (GL-A) is a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) involved in both connective tissue remodeling and tumor invasion. GL-A activation is mediated by a membrane-type MMP (MT-MMP) that cleaves the GL-A propeptide. In this study, we examined the role of the actin cytoskeleton in regulating GL-A activation and MT-MMP-1 expression. Human palmar fascia(More)
The balance between matrix deposition and tissue turnover is fundamental in wound healing. It is likely that the balance between proteolytic enzymes and their inhibitors contributes to this balance. Matrix metalloproteinases are clearly important in tissue turnover, but their roles in wound healing are poorly understood. To investigate this, fluid from(More)
Angiopoietins play a significant role in vascular development and angiogenesis. Both angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) and angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) bind the receptor tyrosine kinase Tie2. However, while Ang1 signaling results in the stabilization of vessel structure, Ang2 has been linked to vascular instability. The ratio of these two Tie2 ligands is thus critical for(More)
During wound healing, fibroblasts transition from quiescence to a migratory state, then to a contractile myofibroblast state associated with wound closure. We found that the myofibroblast phenotype, characterized by the expression of high levels of contractile proteins, suppresses the expression of the pro-migratory gene, MMP-2. Fibroblasts cultured in a(More)
Risinger GM Jr, Updike DL, Bullen EC, Tomasek JJ, Howard EW. TGFsuppresses the upregulation of MMP-2 by vascular smooth muscle cells in response to PDGF-BB. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 298: C191–C201, 2010. First published October 21, 2009; doi:10.1152/ajpcell.00417.2008.—During platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-mediated recruitment to neovascular(More)
Increased expression of gelatinase A is associated with both angiogenesis and alterations in blood vessel structure. Heart-derived endothelial cells derived from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were found to express significantly more gelatinase A in culture, both at the protein and mRNA level, than endothelial cells from normotensive Wistar-Kyoto(More)
Cell migration is fundamental to many biological processes, including development, normal tissue remodeling, wound healing, and many pathologies. However, cell migration is a complex process, and understanding its regulation in health and disease requires the ability to manipulate and measure this process quantitatively under controlled conditions. This(More)
In response to growth factors, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) undergo a phenotypic modulation from a contractile, non-proliferative state to an activated, migratory state. This transition is characterized by changes in their gene expression profile, particularly by a significant down-regulation of contractile proteins. Platelet-derived growth factor(More)
Early gestation mammalian fetuses possess the remarkable ability to heal cutaneous wounds in a scarless fashion. Over the past 20 years, scientists have been working to decipher the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon. Much of the research to date has focused on fetal correlates of adult wound healing that promote fibrosis and granulation tissue(More)
During platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-mediated recruitment to neovascular sprouts, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) dedifferentiate from a contractile to a migratory phenotype. This involves the downregulation of contractile markers such as smooth muscle (SM) alpha-actin and the upregulation of promigration genes such as matrix(More)
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