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Humoral immune responses were characterized in mouse strains lacking either or both B7 molecules. Mice deficient in both B7-1 and B7-2 failed to generate antigen-specific IgG1 and IgG2a responses and lacked germinal centers when immunized by a number of routes and even in the presence of complete Freund's adjuvant. These results demonstrate that B7-mediated(More)
To improve gene transfer to CNS neurons, critical elements of herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) amplicons and recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors were combined to construct a hybrid amplicon vector, and then packaged via a helper virus-free system. We tested the HSV/AAV hybrid amplicon vectors for transduction efficiency and stability of transgene(More)
We have used cDNA clones derived from the genomic S RNA segment of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), Armstrong strain, as hybridization probes to monitor virus gene expression during acute infections. Our results with strand-specific probes confirm the ambisense character of the LCMV S RNA segment and document the presence of both genomic sense and(More)
Experiments were conducted to determine if La Crosse (LAC) and Tahyna (TAH) viruses reassort in Aedes triseriatus mosquitoes and to determine the genotypic frequencies of viruses selected by in vivo vector interactions. A molecular hybridization technique was used to analyze progeny viruses. Probes specific for the La Crosse L, M and S segments (pLAC4.16:(More)
Novel hybrid vectors, which incorporate critical elements of both herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) amplicon vectors and adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors, are able to sustain transgene expression in dividing glioma cells for over 2 weeks. These vectors combine the high infectibility and large transgene capacity of HSV-1 vectors with the potential for(More)
BACKGROUND Vectors based on herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) can efficiently transduce hepatocytes in the mouse liver, and vector genomes can persist for at least 2 months. However, 24 hr after gene transfer, the number of cells that express the transgene decreases rapidly and no transduced cells are detectable after 7 days. In this study, we examined(More)
Reassortant bunyaviruses derived from two members of the California serogroup (La Crosse/original and Tahyna/181-57) viruses were used to demonstrate that the large Mr viral protein (L) is encoded by the L RNA segment. Radiolabelled viral proteins were analysed by discontinuous SDS-PAGE. The L protein of La Crosse virus was observed to migrate ahead of its(More)