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[1] With growing interest in understanding the magnitudes and sources of uncertainty in hydrological modeling, the difficult problem of characterizing model structure adequacy is now attracting considerable attention. Here, we examine this problem via a model-structureindependent approach based in information theory. In particular, we (a) discuss how to(More)
The potential of moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) time-series in monitoring crop condition was examined in the Weishan Irrigation Zone along a downstream reach of the Yellow River, China. First, MODIS-derived spectral indices, including the normalized difference water index (NDWI) and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), were(More)
In the present study, four high-resolution multi-sensor blended precipitation products, TRMM Multisatellite Precipitation Analysis (TMPA) research product (3B42 V7) and near real-time product (3B42 RT), Climate Prediction Center MORPHing technique (CMORPH) and Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Information using Artificial Neural Networks(More)
A flow-interval hillslope discretization scheme is proposed for catchment hydrological modelling. By this scheme, a two-dimensional catchment is simplified into a one-dimensional cascade of flow intervals linked by the main stream. Each flow interval comprises a set of parallel hillslopes. The hillslope is the fundamental computational unit in the(More)
Agricultural-induced increase of nitrate (NO3) loading in groundwater is a worldwide problem. This study investigates the impacts of agricultural activities on groundwater NO3 pollution in a Yellow River irrigated region. The agricultural land use patterns are dependent on the land and water conditions. Besides wheat–maize rotation, the most popular(More)
The Heihe River is the second largest inland basin in China; runoff in the upper reach greatly affects the socio-economic development in the downstream area. The relationship between spatial vegetation patterns and catchment hydrological processes in the upper Heihe basin has remained unclear to date. In this study, a distributed ecohydrological model is(More)
a State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China b School of Civil Engineering and Environmental Sciences, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73072, USA Hydrometeorology and Remote Sensing Laboratory, National Weather Center Atmospheric Radar Research Center, Norman, OK(More)
Vegetation phenology is a sensitive indicator of ecosystem response to climate change, and plays an important role in the terrestrial biosphere. Improving our understanding of alpine vegetation phenology dynamics and the correlation with climate and grazing is crucial for high mountains in arid areas subject to climatic warming. Using a time series of SPOT(More)
The Mekong River is the most important river in Southeast Asia. It has increasingly suffered from water-related problems due to economic development, population growth and climate change in the surrounding areas. In this study, we built a distributed Geomorphology-Based Hydrological Model (GBHM) of the Mekong River using remote sensing data and other(More)
The actual evapotranspiration and runoff trends of five major basins in China from 1956 to 2000 are investigated by combining the Budyko hypothesis and a stochastic soil moisture model. Based on the equations of Choudhury and Porporato, the actual evapotranspiration trends and the runoff trends are attributed to changes in precipitation, potential(More)