Learn More
XRCC1 coordinates the activities of DNA polymerase-β and DNA ligase for base excision repair of oxidative DNA damage. In addition, there is some evidence that XRCC1 is a negative regulator of apoptosis. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in XRCC1 have been inconsistently associated with breast cancer risk. We evaluated XRCC1 gene expression in breast cancer(More)
Physical activity reduces breast cancer risk. Promoter hypermethylation of the tumor suppressor genes APC and RASSF1A, which is potentially reversible, is associated with breast cancer risk. We conducted a cross-sectional study in 45 women without breast cancer to determine the association of physical activity with promoter hypermethylation of APC and(More)
Translational protocols in cancer and carcinogenesis often require isolation of genomic DNA from paucicellular clinical samples. DNA extraction methods for PCR-based applications should optimize the recovery of amplifiable DNA. We compared five methods for DNA extraction in paucicellular epithelial and lymphocyte samples using proportion of extractions(More)
Five years of tamoxifen reduces breast cancer risk by nearly 50% but is associated with significant side effects and toxicities. A better understanding of the direct and indirect effects of tamoxifen in benign breast tissue could elucidate new mechanisms of breast carcinogenesis, suggest novel chemoprevention targets, and provide relevant early response(More)
BACKGROUND Random periareolar fine-needle aspiration (RP-FNA) is increasingly used in trials of breast cancer prevention for biomarker assessments. DNA methylation markers may have value as surrogate endpoint biomarkers, but this requires identification of biologically relevant markers suitable for paucicellular, lymphocyte-contaminated clinical samples. (More)
BACKGROUND Many established breast cancer risk factors are related to the timing and duration of exposure to reproductive hormones, which are known to drive breast epithelial cell proliferation. The epigenetic molecular clock hypothesis suggests that CpG island methylation records the cell division history of benign epithelium. In proliferative epithelium,(More)
A novel human mammary epithelial cell line, HME348, was established from benign breast tissue from a 44-year-old germ-line BRCA2 mutation carrier with a history of stage 1 breast cancer. Mutation analysis showed that the patient had a known 6872del4 BRCA2 heterozygous mutation. The human mammary epithelial cells passaged in culture exhibited cellular(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor suppressor gene (TSG) methylation is identified more frequently in random periareolar fine needle aspiration samples from women at high risk for breast cancer than women at lower risk. It is not known whether TSG methylation or atypia in nipple duct lavage (NDL) samples is related to predicted breast cancer risk. METHODS 514 NDL samples(More)
Platelets play a supportive role in tumor metastasis. Impairment of platelet function within the tumor microenvironment may provide a clinically useful approach to inhibit metastasis. We developed a novel humanized single-chain antibody (scFv Ab) against integrin GPIIIa49-66 (named A11) capable of lysing activated platelets. In this study, we investigate(More)
The human ADAMTS-18 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type-1 modules 18) is a new member of the ADAMTS family. The C-terminal ADAMTS-18 fragment is highly effective at promoting platelet thrombus dissolution in murine model of ischemic stroke, showing significant clinical relevance. In this report, the C-terminal ADAMTS-18 fragment(More)