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The field of Synthetic Biology seeks to apply engineering principles to biology in order to produce novel biological systems. One approach to accomplish this goal is the genome-driven cell engineering approach, which searches for functioning minimal genomes in naturally occurring microorganisms, which can then be used as a template for future systems.(More)
We have previously shown that one of the potential mediators of the deleterious effects of high glucose on extracellular matrix protein (ECM) expression in renal mesangial cells is its metabolic flux through the hexosamine biosynthesis pathway (HBP). Here, we investigate further whether the hexosamines induce oxidative stress, cell-cycle arrest and ECM(More)
Oat receptor-like kinase gene sequences, homologous to the Lrk10 gene from wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), were mapped in oat (Avena sativa L.). PCR primers designed from the wheat Lrk10 were used to produce ALrk10 from oat. Two DNA sequences, ALrk1A1 and ALrk4A5, were produced from primers designed from coding and noncoding regions of ALrk10. Their use as(More)
BACKGROUND Plant cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (CYP) mediate synthesis and metabolism of many physiologically important primary and secondary compounds that are related to plant defense against a range of pathogenic microbes and insects. To determine if cytochrome P450 monooxygenases are involved in defense response to Xylella fastidiosa (Xf) infection, we(More)
The transport of 6-[18F]fluoro-L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine ([18F]FDOPA) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and neuronal membranes was compared with that of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) in rats. The carotid injection method was used as a direct measurement of [18F]FDOPA, 1-[14C]-L-DOPA, and 3-[14C]-L-DOPA transport across the BBB, while isolated(More)
Renal mesangial cells play an important role in the development of diabetic kidney disease. We have previously demonstrated that some of the effects of high glucose on mesangial extracellular matrix (ECM) protein expression are mediated by the hexosamine biosynthesis pathway (HBP) in which fructose-6-phosphate is converted to glucosamine-6-phosphate by the(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 is accumulated in the diabetic kidney and is considered to be involved in the development of glomerular sclerosis. Here, we investigate IGF-1 regulation of laminin, an extracellular matrix (ECM) component, and cyclin D1 and p21Cip1, cell-cycle progression factor, expressions in glomerular mesangial cells. We show that(More)
Recently we demonstrated that IGF-1 expression is increased in the diabetic kidney and that it may involve in renal hypertrophy and extracellular matrix protein (ECM) accumulation in mesangial cells as seen in diabetic glomerulopathy. The present study investigates the molecular mechanism(s) of IGF-1 and Akt/glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3β) signaling(More)
The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) 1 is a mediator of extracellular matrix (ECM) gene expression in mesangial cells and the development of diabetic glomerulopathy. Here, we investigate the effects of TGF-beta1 on laminin gamma1 and fibronectin polypeptide expression and cell survival in mouse mesangial cells (MES-13). TGF-beta1 (10 ng/ml)(More)