Davina Hancock

Learn More
1. The non-selective adenosine agonist, 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA), is a potent inhibitor of morphine withdrawal diarrhoea in rats. More recently we found that NECA exerts its antidiarrhoeal effect by inhibiting secretion in both the jejunum and ileum and also by inhibiting peristalsis in the ileum. The specific aim of this study was to(More)
Expression of the transcription factor Pax6 was assessed immunohistochemically in embryonic chick retina during retino-tectal map formation. A low dorsal to high ventral gradient was found that correlated with expression of the axonal guidance cue EphB2. Furthermore, transfection of Pax6 into undifferentiated P19 cells up-regulated EphB2. The results raise(More)
This study aimed to determine whether the antidiarrhoeal effect of the mixed A1/A2 adenosine agonist NECA (5'-N-ethylcarboxamido adenosine) is due to inhibition of intestinal fluid transport or to contractility. Intestinal secretion was stimulated in anaesthetized rats by intra-arterial infusions of PGE2 (4 micrograms min-1) or vasoactive intestinal peptide(More)
1. Cholinergic contraction was induced in segments of rat jejunum by transmural stimulation (10 Hz, 1 ms for 8 s). The synthetic delta-opiate agonist, DADLE (100 nM), caused a prolonged inhibition of the cholinergic response. 2. The naturally occurring opioid peptides, dynorphin A (1-13) (200 nM), leu-enkephalin (400 nM), met-enkephalin (200 nM) and the(More)
1. Previous studies have shown that the mixed A1/A2 adenosine agonist 5'-N-ethylcarboxamido-adenosine (NECA) inhibits intestinal fluid secretion which is thought to contribute to its antidiarrhoeal effect in the rat. The aim of this study was to characterize the adenosine receptor mediating this antisecretory effect via functional studies using a range of(More)
The selective delta-opiate agonists D-Ser2, Leu5, Thr6-enkephalin (DSLET), D-Ala2, D-Leu5-enkephalin and D-Pen2, D-Pen5-enkephalin caused inhibition of the cholinergic contraction produced by transmural stimulation of the rat isolated jejunum. Dynorphin A, which is an agonist at both kappa- and delta-opioid receptors also inhibited the cholinergic(More)
1. Fluid secretion was induced in the jejunum of anesthetised rats using vasoactive intestinal peptide. 2. The adenosine antagonist, DPCPX (0.1 mg/kg), suppressed the antisecretory action of morphine (10 mg/kg), but naloxone (80 micrograms/kg) did not inhibit the antisecretory response of the adenosine agonist, NECA (40 micrograms/kg), at a dose previously(More)
  • 1