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The genome organization of globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus), unlike other species belonging to Asteraceae (=Compositae) family (i.e. sunflower, lettuce and chicory), remains largely unexplored. The species is highly heterozygous and suffers marked inbreeding depression when forced to self-fertilize. Thus a two-way pseudo-testcross(More)
The globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus L. var. scolymus) genome is relatively poorly explored, especially compared to those of the other major Asteraceae crops sunflower and lettuce. No SNP markers are in the public domain. We have combined the recently developed restriction-site associated DNA (RAD) approach with the Illumina DNA sequencing platform to(More)
The globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus L.) is a significant crop in the Mediterranean basin. Despite its commercial importance and its both dietary and pharmaceutical value, knowledge of its genetics and genomics remains scant. Microsatellite markers have become a key tool in genetic and genomic analysis, and we have exploited recently(More)
Cynara cardunculus (2n = 2× = 34) is a member of the Asteraceae family that contributes significantly to the agricultural economy of the Mediterranean basin. The species includes two cultivated varieties, globe artichoke and cardoon, which are grown mainly for food. Cynara cardunculus is an orphan crop species whose genome/transcriptome has been relatively(More)
Cynara cardunculus includes three taxa, the globe artichoke (subsp. scolymus L. Hegi), the cultivated cardoon (var. altilis) and their progenitor, the wild cardoon (var. sylvestris). Globe artichoke is an important component of the Mediterranean rural economy, but its improvement through breeding has been rather limited and its genome organization remains(More)
Kiwifruit breeding still largely relies on phenotypic observation of cross progeny grown in the field to fruiting maturity, without any selection prior to the juvenility being overcome. Developing markers for the selection of traits of interest would greatly help breeders to rapidly screen breeding populations. With the aim of mapping several traits of(More)
Globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus) is an out-crossing, perennial, multi-use crop species that is grown worldwide and belongs to the Compositae, one of the most successful Angiosperm families. We describe the first genome sequence of globe artichoke. The assembly, comprising of 13,588 scaffolds covering 725 of the 1,084 Mb genome, was(More)
The Asteraceae species Cynara cardunculus (2n = 2x = 34) includes the two fully cross-compatible domesticated taxa globe artichoke (var. scolymus L.) and cultivated cardoon (var. altilis DC). As both are out-pollinators and suffer from marked inbreeding depression, linkage analysis has focussed on the use of a two way pseudo-test cross approach. A set of(More)
An F1 mapping population was bred by crossing an accession of wild cardoon with a single Argentinian globe artichoke plant of the variety Estrella del Sur FCA with a view to generating new Cynara cardunculus linkage maps. Genotyping was conducting using a set of 553 SRAP, SSR, AFLP and SNP markers. The 1,465.5 cM map based on the segregation of alleles(More)
Dipartimento di Scienze agroalimentari, ambientali e animali, Universit a di Udine, Udine, Italy Istituto di Genomica Applicata (IGA), Udine, Italy IGA Technology Services, Udine, Italy Parco Tecnologico Padano, Lodi, Italy Institute of Biosciences and Bioresources, National Research Council, Sesto Fiorentino (Firenze), Italy Department of Mathematics and(More)