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AIMS The European system for cardiac operation risk evaluation (EuroSCORE) is widely used for predicting in-hospital mortality after cardiac surgery. A new score (EuroSCORE II) has been recently developed to update the previously released versions. This study was undertaken to validate EuroSCORE II, to compare its performance with the original EuroSCOREs(More)
OBJECTIVES The treatment of patients with extensive thoracic aortic disease involving the arch and descending aorta is often performed, using the frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique. We retrospectively analysed early outcomes with this technique, using a prospective database. METHODS A total of 509 patients (mean age: 61 ± 11 years) were registered(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic aortic rupture (TAR) is a pathological entity with a high mortality, both spontaneous and perioperative. Delayed surgical repair has been proposed when associated lesions are stabilized. The aim of this study was to validate MRI for detecting both the presence and type of TAR and to monitor posttraumatic aneurysm and associated lesions.(More)
OBJECTIVE Low birth weight or premature infants may require early surgical treatment of congenital cardiac lesions because of their poor clinical status. Even thought early repair or palliation is carried out with incremental risk factor for morbidity and mortality, it has been demonstrated to be preferable to medical management and delayed surgery. This(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the results of antegrade selective cerebral perfusion as a method of brain protection during surgery of the thoracic aorta and to determine predictors of hospital mortality and adverse neurologic outcome. METHODS Between October 1995 and March 2002, 588 patients underwent aortic surgery with the aid of antegrade selective cerebral(More)
BACKGROUND Acute fulminant myocarditis (AFM) may represent a life-threatening event, characterized by rapidly progressive cardiac compromise that ultimately leads to refractory cardiogenic shock or cardiac arrest. Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) provides effective cardiocirculatory support in this circumstance, but few clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE The study's objectives were to evaluate results and identify predictors of hospital and mid-term mortality after primary isolated aortic valve replacement; compare early and mid-term survival of patients aged more than 80 years or less than 80 years; and assess the effectiveness of the logistic European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation(More)
OBJECTIVE Extensive thoracic aortic aneurysms represent a challenging pathology in cardiac surgery. The frozen elephant trunk procedure, combining conventional surgery with endovascular techniques, allows single-stage treatment for such pathology. Here we present our surgical technique and results with the single-stage frozen elephant trunk procedure. (More)
BACKGROUND Debate remains regarding optimal cerebral circulatory management during relatively noncomplex, short arch reconstructive times. Both retrograde cerebral perfusion with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (RCP/DHCA) and antegrade cerebral perfusion with moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest (ACP/MHCA) have emerged as established techniques. The(More)
BACKGROUND Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and opioids are routinely used after cardiac surgery in order to mitigate postoperative pain; however, these drugs are burdened by side effects. Tramadol and paracetamol are believed to be lacking in such side effects. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of intravenous paracetamol as an(More)