Davide Lauro

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BACKGROUND Hyperglycemia impairs functional properties of cytosolic and nuclear proteins via O-linked glycosylation modification (O-GlcNAcylation). We studied the effects of O-GlcNAcylation on insulin signaling in human coronary artery endothelial cells. METHODS AND RESULTS O-GlcNAcylation impaired the metabolic branch of insulin signaling, ie, insulin(More)
OBJECTIVE Offspring of patients with type 2 diabetes (OPDs) exhibits endothelial dysfunction (ED) associated with a chronic inflammatory state. N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) may have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that are beneficial for cardiovascular and metabolic health. Therefore, in the present study, we tested the hypothesis(More)
Insulin receptor substrate (IRS) molecules are key mediators in insulin signaling and play a central role in maintaining basic cellular functions such as growth, survival, and metabolism. They act as docking proteins between the insulin receptor and a complex network of intracellular signaling molecules containing Src homology 2 (SH2) domains. Four members(More)
It was reported that the common -866G/A polymorphism in the promoter of the human uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) gene, which enhances its trascriptional activity, is associated with increased mRNA levels in human adipocytes and reduced risk of obesity. Studies in knockout mice and beta-cells indicate that UCP2 may play a role in beta-cell function. In this(More)
Insulin receptor substrate (IRS) proteins play a central role in maintaining basic cellular functions such as growth and metabolism. They act as an interface between multiple growth factor receptors possessing tyrosine kinase activity, such as the insulin receptor, and a complex network of intracellular signalling molecules containing Src homology 2 (SH2)(More)
Uncoupling protein (UCP)-2 is a member of the mitochondrial inner membrane carriers that uncouple pro-ton entry in the mitochondrial matrix from ATP synthesis. The -866G/A polymorphism in the UCP2 gene, which enhances its transcriptional activity, was associated with enhanced risk for type 2 diabetes in obese subjects. We addressed the question of whether(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity-related inflammation is emerging as a major cause of insulin resistance and cardiovascular diseases. GATA2 transcription factor is an inhibitor of adipogenesis and an activator of vascular cells. We hypothesized that GATA2 activity is controlled by insulin during adipogenesis, linking metabolic homeostasis and inflammation. METHODS AND(More)
In this article we used immunohistochemistry and FACS analyses to show that cells expressing markers typical of human stem cells such as SSEA4, OCT-4, ALP, and CD117 are present within the cytotrophoblastic tissue of human fetal chorionic villus samples (CVSs). After immunoselection of CV cells for SSEA4, FACS analyses showed an increased number of cells(More)
Obesity is frequently characterized by a reduced vitamin D bioavailability, as well as insulin-resistance and a chronic inflammatory response. We tested the hypothesis of an independent relationship between serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) and several circulating inflammatory markers in a cohort of severely obese individuals.(More)
Diabetes and osteoporosis are common and complex disorders with an enormous health burden that can be often associated especially in middle-age and elderly individuals. Although there is raising awareness of the higher fractures rates among patients with type 1 (DM1) and 2 (DM2) diabetes, there are few data available on the pathogenetic mechanisms(More)