Learn More
The network architecture of functional connectivity within the human brain connectome is poorly understood at the voxel level. Here, using resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging data from 1003 healthy adults, we investigate a broad array of network centrality measures to provide novel insights into connectivity within the whole-brain functional(More)
BACKGROUND Models of cocaine addiction emphasize the role of disrupted frontal circuitry supporting cognitive control processes. However, addiction-related alterations in functional interactions among brain regions, especially between the cerebral hemispheres, are rarely examined directly. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)(More)
Even in the simplest laboratory tasks older adults generally take more time to respond than young adults. One of the reasons for this age-related slowing is that older adults are reluctant to commit errors, a cautious attitude that prompts them to accumulate more information before making a decision (Rabbitt, 1979). This suggests that age-related slowing(More)
BACKGROUND Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is increasingly conceived as reflecting altered functional and structural brain connectivity. The latter can be addressed with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). We examined fractional anisotropy (FA), a DTI index related to white matter structural properties, in adult male subjects diagnosed with ADHD(More)
Animal models of stroke demonstrated that white matter ischemia may cause both axonal damage and myelin degradation distant from the core lesion, thereby impacting on behavior and functional outcome after stroke. We here used parameters derived from diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to investigate the effect of focal white matter ischemia on(More)
Neuroscience is increasingly focusing on developmental factors related to human structural and functional connectivity. Unfortunately, to date, diffusion-based imaging approaches have only contributed modestly to these broad objectives, despite the promise of diffusion-based tractography. Here, we report a novel data-driven approach to detect similarities(More)
Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) refer to a group of drugs whose principal members include amphetamine, methamphetamine and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). Worldwide, ATS are among the most common illicit drugs. Therefore, understanding whether and to what extent ATS exposure affects brain structure and functioning in recreational users has(More)
Performance monitoring is an essential prerequisite of successful goal-directed behavior. Research of the last two decades implicates the anterior midcingulate cortex (aMCC) in the human medial frontal cortex and frontostriatal basal ganglia circuits in this function. Here, we addressed the function of the thalamus in detecting errors and adjusting behavior(More)
  • 1