Davide Carlei

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Cyclophosphamide (CTX) increases the antitumor effectiveness of adoptive immunotherapy in mice, and combined immunotherapy regimens are now used in some clinical trials. However, the mechanisms underlying the synergistic antitumor responses are still unclear. The purpose of this study was (a) to evaluate the antitumor response to CTX and adoptive(More)
Treatment with HIV-1 protease inhibitors (PI) is associated with a reduced incidence or regression of Kaposi sarcoma (KS). Here we show that systemic administration of the PIs indinavir or saquinavir to nude mice blocks the development and induces regression of angioproliferative KS-like lesions promoted by primary human KS cells, basic fibroblast growth(More)
Previous studies indicated that the Tat protein of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) is a progression factor for Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Specifically, extracellular Tat cooperates with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in promoting KS and endothelial cell growth and locomotion and in inducing KS-like lesions in vivo. Here we show that Tat and(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus protease inhibitors (HIV-PIs), such as indinavir and saquinavir, have been shown to block angiogenesis and tumor cell invasion and to induce tumor cell apoptosis and growth arrest, respectively, both in vitro and in vivo. These findings have suggested that HIV-PIs or their analogues can be used as antitumor drugs. To this(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is an angioproliferative disease of multifactorial origin arising in different clinic-epidemiologic forms, which show the same histopathological features. It generally starts as a hyperplastic reactive-inflammatory and angiogenic process, which may evolve into monomorphic nodules of KS cells that can be clonal (late-stage lesions) and(More)
In this study, we have evaluated the local versus systemic antitumor response in tumor-bearing mice subjected to a combined therapeutic regimen based on the injection of genetically modified Friend erythroleukemia cells (FLC) producing IFN-alpha and expressing the HSVtk (tk) gene, and we have investigated the host immune mechanisms involved in tumor(More)
Legionella pneumophila is an intracellular pathogen whose replication in macrophages is mainly controlled by IFN-gamma. Freshly isolated peritoneal macrophages elicited in vivo with thioglycolate (TG) from A/J mice are highly permissive to L. pneumophila growth in vitro, while TG-elicited macrophages from CD1 mice are resistant. In this study, we show that(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is an angioproliferative disease characterized by proliferation of spindle-shaped cells predominantly of endothelial cell origin, neoangiogenesis, inflammatory cell infiltration, and edema. At least in early stage, KS behaves as a reactive lesion sustained by the action of inflammatory cytokines and growth factors, has a polyclonal(More)
Our group had previously shown that transfer of the mouse interferon (IFN)-alpha1 gene into the metastasizing TS/A mammary adenocarcinoma resulted in T-cell-mediated tumor rejection and development of antitumor immunity. Moreover, we had shown that the metastatic ability of TS/A tumor cells producing IFN-alpha was strongly impaired, whereas IFN-gamma(More)