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Here we present a program aimed at free-energy calculations in molecular systems. It consists of a series of routines that can be interfaced with the most popular classical molecular dynamics (MD) codes through a simple patching procedure. This leaves the possibility for the user to exploit many different MD engines depending on the system simulated and on(More)
Enhancing sampling and analyzing simulations are central issues in molecular simulation. Recently, we introduced PLUMED, an open-source plug-in that provides some of the most popular molecular dynamics (MD) codes with implementations of a variety of different enhanced sampling algorithms and collective variables (CVs). The rapid changes in this field, in(More)
Kinase large-scale conformational rearrangement is an issue of enormous biological and pharmacological relevance. Atomistic simulations able to capture the dynamics and the energetics of kinase large-scale motions are still in their infancy. Here, we present a computational study in which the atomistic dynamics of the "open-to-closed" movement of the(More)
A homeostatic concentration of glutamate in the synaptic cleft ensures a correct signal transduction along the neuronal network. An unbalance in this concentration can lead to neuronal death and to severe neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's. Glutamate transporters play a crucial role in this respect because they are responsible for(More)
The translocation of ions and water across cell membranes is a prerequisite for many of life's processes. K(+) channels are a diverse family of integral membrane proteins through which K(+) can pass selectively. There is an ongoing debate about the nature of conformational changes associated with the opening and closing and conductive and nonconductive(More)
The N-terminal nucleophile (Ntn) hydrolases are a superfamily of enzymes specialized in the hydrolytic cleavage of amide bonds. Even though several members of this family are emerging as innovative drug targets for cancer, inflammation, and pain, the processes through which they catalyze amide hydrolysis remains poorly understood. In particular, the(More)
In this work, we exploit the chirality index introduced in (Pietropaolo et al., Proteins 2008, 70, 667) as an effective descriptor of the secondary structure of proteins to explore their complex free-energy landscape. We use the chirality index as an alternative metrics in the path collective variables (PCVs) framework and we show in the prototypical case(More)
The atomic mechanisms of isomerization of ATP-Mg(2+) in solution are characterized using the recently developed String Method with Optimal Molecular Alignment (SOMA) and molecular-dynamics simulations. Bias-Exchange Metadynamics simulations are first performed to identify the primary conformers of the ATP-Mg(2+) complex and their connectivity. SOMA is then(More)