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In the early nineties the presence of flavonoids in Citrus juices began to attract the attention of a number of researchers, as a result of their biological and physiological importance. This short review will explore two different aspects. The first part will focus on analytical techniques for the characterization of juices from different Citrus fruits(More)
A number of studies have demonstrated that consuming almonds increases satiety but does not result in weight gain, despite their high energy and lipid content. To understand the mechanism of almond digestion, in the present study, we investigated the bioaccessibility of lipids from masticated almonds during in vitro simulated human digestion, and determined(More)
Every year tons of pistachio hulls are separated and eliminated, as waste products, from pistachio seeds. In this study the hulls of ripe pistachios were extracted with two organic solvents (ethanol and methanol) and characterized for phenolic composition, antioxidant power and cytoprotective activity. RP-HPLC-DAD-FLU separation enabled us to identify 20(More)
Lavandula multifida is a rare short-lived plant characteristic of Mediterranean basin able to survive in hot and arid climatic conditions on poorly evolved limestone soils. In this work, we characterize the enzymatic antioxidant system and phenolic composition, as well as the antioxidant properties of L. multifida fresh leaves. Enzymatic patterns show high(More)
Phloretin and its glycosylated derivatives (phlorizin and phloretin 3',5'-di-C-glucoside) are dihydrochalcones that have many interesting biological properties. The results obtained showed that the dihydrochalcones are able to inhibit growth of Gram positive bacteria, in particular Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538, Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 13932 and(More)
In spite of the growing variety of biological applications of dendrimer-based nanocarriers, a major problem of their potential applications in bio-medicine is related to the disruption of lipid bilayers and the cytotoxicity caused by the aggregation processes involved onto cellular membranes. With the aim to study model dendrimer-biomembrane interaction,(More)
The ability of activity modulators of ornithine transcarbamoylase (OCT) from the liver of the thresher shark Alopias vulpinus to stabilize the enzyme against thermal denaturation was investigated in the tri-buffer at pH 7.8, at temperatures ranging from 60 to 70 (o)C, in the presence of polyhydroxylic molecules such as glycerol and sugars. The study(More)
During our experimental work, aggregation of bovine serum albumin was obtained incubating the protein solution at 60 degrees C to investigate temperature-induced secondary structure, conformation changes and anti-aggregative activity of trehalose. IR-measurements suggested that in the presence of 1.0M of trehalose there is a little increase in short segment(More)
Thermodynamic, circular dichroism (CD), and activity measurements have been used to characterize the different conformational states and the effects of NaCl concentrations (0.0-3.0 M) on thermal unfolding of ornithine carbamoyltransferase (OCT) from Alopias vulpinus. Furthermore conformational changes in whole enzyme structure have been monitored by(More)
In the present article the influence of salts and additives, such as trehalose, NaCl, ornithine, sodium phosphate and ammonium sulphate, on ornithine carbamoyltransferase (OCTase) is investigated in order to study the OCTase stabilization process as a function of solutes and to point out the fundamental role played by an enhancement of hydrophobic(More)