David da Silva

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The impact of climate change on the advancement of plant phenological events has been heavily studied in the last decade. Although the majority of spring plant phenological events have been trending earlier, this is not universally true. Recent work has suggested that species that are not advancing in their spring phenological behavior are responding more(More)
Functional–structural plant models (FSPMs) explore and integrate relationships between a plant’s structure and processes that underlie its growth and development. In recent years, the range of topics being addressed by scientists interested in functional–structural plant modelling has expanded greatly. FSPM techniques are now being used to dynamically(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe loss to follow-up (LTFU) at all stages of the HIV programme. DESIGN A retrospective cohort study. SETTING The HIV clinic at Hospital National Simão Mendes in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau. PARTICIPANTS A total of 4080 HIV-infected patients. OUTCOME MEASURES Baseline characteristics, percentages and incidence rates of LTFU as well as(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-2 is endemic in West Africa. There is a lack of evidence-based guidelines on the diagnosis, management and antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-2 or HIV-1/HIV-2 dual infections. Because of these issues, we designed a West African collaborative cohort for HIV-2 infection within the framework of the International epidemiological Databases to(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Many physiological processes such as photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration can be strongly influenced by the diurnal patterns of within-tree water potential. Despite numerous experiments showing the effect of water potential on fruit-tree development and growth, there are very few models combining carbohydrate allocation with(More)
BACKGROUND Decisions about when to start an antiretroviral therapy (ART) are normally based on CD4 cell counts and viral load (VL). However, these measurements require equipment beyond the capacity of most laboratories in low-income and middle-income settings. Thus, there is an urgent need to identify and test simple markers to guide the optimal time for(More)
MAppleT is a functional-structural plant model that has been built for simulating architectural development of apple trees. It has the capability of representing tree growth within a virtual space where the development of individual organs depends on geometrical traits. The purpose of this research is to investigate the influence of apple trees'(More)
Warming winters due to climate change may critically affect temperate tree species. Insufficiently cold winters are thought to result in fewer viable flower buds and the subsequent development of fewer fruits or nuts, decreasing the yield of an orchard or fecundity of a species. The best existing approximation for a threshold of sufficient cold(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Plant growth depends on carbon availability and allocation among organs. QualiTree has been designed to simulate carbon allocation and partitioning in the peach tree (Prunus persica), whereas MappleT is dedicated to the simulation of apple tree (Malus × domestica) architecture. The objective of this study was to couple both models and(More)