David Z Lubowski

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The effect on anal tone of electrical stimulation of the presacral (hypogastric) sympathetic nerves has been studied in eight patients during abdominal rectopexy or restorative proctocolectomy. A sharp fall in anal pressure occurred in seven patients (mean fall 59 cmH2O; range 35-80 cmH2O). In one patient given a beta- and alpha-sympathetic blocking drug(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to compare the efficacy and patient tolerance of standard orthograde bowel preparation using 4 liters of polyethylene glycol solution with only 2 liters of polyethylene glycol preceded by the stimulant laxative bisacodyl. METHODS Three hundred eighty-two consecutive patients undergoing outpatient colonoscopy under two(More)
BACKGROUND Pannexin-1 (Panx1) proteins can function as channels for adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release, but there have been limited studies investigating their potential role in the human intestine. The aim of this study was to characterize Panx1 expression and distribution in the human colon and its potential involvement in inflammatory bowel diseases(More)
The clinical and physiological results in 13 patients having a colonic J reservoir-anal anastomosis (CR) and 15 consecutive patients having a straight colo-anal reconstruction (SC) have been compared. The groups were matched for age, sex, level of tumour and proximal and distal resection margins. The incidence of postoperative complications was similar in(More)
PURPOSE Anal sphincter replacement offers a new treatment option for patients with severe refractory fecal incontinence or for those who require abdominoperineal resection for localized malignancy. The purpose of this study was to review the current status of anal sphincter replacement, formulate a consensus statement regarding its current use, and outline(More)
BACKGROUND The electrically stimulated gracilis neoanal sphincter was initially developed to treat refractory incontinence. Good early results were reported from the two centres that pioneered the technique. The aim of this study was to assess the operation in a prospective multicentre setting. METHODS The procedure was performed on 64 patients from seven(More)
Oral colon transit scintigraphy using indium-111 diethylene-triamine-pentaacetic acid was performed in 41 healthy subjects (22 females, 19 males) to determine variability with age and sex and to define normal ranges. Repeat studies were performed in 10 females and 9 males to assess intra-subject variability. Females showed slightly but significantly slower(More)
BACKGROUND Until recently, investigations of the normal patterns of motility of the healthy human colon have been limited by the resolution of in vivo recording techniques. METHODS We have used a new, high-resolution fiber-optic manometry system (72 sensors at 1-cm intervals) to record motor activity from colon in 10 healthy human subjects. KEY RESULTS(More)
1. Neurokinin (NK)A is the endogenous ligand for the tachykinin NK2 receptor. In the present study, tachykinins and selective receptor agonists were tested as contractile agonists in human colon circular muscle and [125I]-NKA was used to localize binding sites in human colon. 2. In strips of circular muscle, removal of mucosa and submucosa significantly (P(More)
BACKGROUND Clostridium septicum is known to be associated with malignancy or immunosuppression. It has a variable clinical presentation and is associated with a high mortality. The aim of the present study was to review the experience at St George Hospital, Sydney, over a 10-year period, with particular reference to the association of this condition with(More)