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The effect on anal tone of electrical stimulation of the presacral (hypogastric) sympathetic nerves has been studied in eight patients during abdominal rectopexy or restorative proctocolectomy. A sharp fall in anal pressure occurred in seven patients (mean fall 59 cmH2O; range 35-80 cmH2O). In one patient given a beta- and alpha-sympathetic blocking drug(More)
The clinical and physiological results in 13 patients having a colonic J reservoir-anal anastomosis (CR) and 15 consecutive patients having a straight colo-anal reconstruction (SC) have been compared. The groups were matched for age, sex, level of tumour and proximal and distal resection margins. The incidence of postoperative complications was similar in(More)
PURPOSE Anal sphincter replacement offers a new treatment option for patients with severe refractory fecal incontinence or for those who require abdominoperineal resection for localized malignancy. The purpose of this study was to review the current status of anal sphincter replacement, formulate a consensus statement regarding its current use, and outline(More)
1. Neurokinin (NK)A is the endogenous ligand for the tachykinin NK2 receptor. In the present study, tachykinins and selective receptor agonists were tested as contractile agonists in human colon circular muscle and [125I]-NKA was used to localize binding sites in human colon. 2. In strips of circular muscle, removal of mucosa and submucosa significantly (P(More)
PURPOSE Transanal endoscopic microsurgery is a new technique that has not yet found its place in routine practice. The procedure results in dilation of the anal sphincter with a large-diameter operating sigmoidoscope, sometimes for a prolonged period. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of transanal endoscopic microsurgery on anorectal(More)
PURPOSE A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed to test the effect of intra-anal glyceryl trinitrate ointment in patients with chronic anal fissures that would normally have been treated by sphincterotomy. Long-term follow-up was then performed to assess fissure healing. METHODS Patients with chronic anal fissures were randomly(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to compare the efficacy and patient tolerance of standard orthograde bowel preparation using 4 liters of polyethylene glycol solution with only 2 liters of polyethylene glycol preceded by the stimulant laxative bisacodyl. METHODS Three hundred eighty-two consecutive patients undergoing outpatient colonoscopy under two(More)
The four loop (W) reservoir was developed with the aim of improving the functional results of the J reservoir and to avoid the need for catheterization often seen with the S reservoir. It is no more difficult to construct and results in better function. Sixty-four patients have undergone the procedure. There were no deaths. Mean hospital stay (including(More)
The ultrastructural features of the internal anal sphincter (IAS) muscle were studied in biopsies from five patients with neurogenic anorectal incontinence and six control subjects undergoing anorectal excision for cancer, or for inflammatory bowel disease. In the patients with idiopathic neurogenic anorectal incontinence the internal anal sphincter showed(More)
In 60 patients with idiopathic anorectal incontinence, without neurological disease, there was a significant relationship, shown by regression analysis, between the pudendal nerve terminal motor latency and the extent of perineal descent during straining (r0.59;p<0.001), and the plane of the perineum on straining (r−0.61;p<0.001). These data are consistent(More)