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PURPOSE The optimal management of achalasia in children and adolescents remains unclear. The aim of this study was to review a single institution's experience with endoscopic and surgical interventions in children with achalasia. METHODS A retrospective review was conducted of the medical records of children treated for achalasia from 1978 to 2008.(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a frequently lethal birth defect and, despite advances, extracorporeal life support (ie, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation [ECMO]) is commonly required for severely affected patients. Published data suggest that CDH survival after 2 weeks on ECMO is poor. Many centers limit duration of ECMO support. (More)
PURPOSE Centers that care for newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) may impose selection criteria for offering or limiting aggressive support in those patients most severely affected. The purpose of this study was to analyze outcomes in newborns with highly severe CDH uniformly treated for survival. METHODS We reviewed 172 consecutive inborn(More)
Burn injuries remain the leading source of pediatric morbidity and mortality, with burns to the feet presenting unique management challenges. Characterization of the etiology of these burns may identify strategies for injury prevention. A retrospective review of pediatric patients with isolated foot burns was performed. Between September 1992 and February(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of a nonstandard ventilation strategy on survival in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). BACKGROUND Despite recent advances, including nitric oxide, CDH remains an unsolved problem with a mortality rate of 35% to 50%. Hyperventilation and alkalization remain common therapies. METHODS In 1992, the authors prospectively(More)
PURPOSE Equestrian activities are regarded by some as high-risk sports, and our recent experience suggested this to be true. We undertook this study to review our experience with pediatric equestrian injuries. METHODS After institutional review board approval, we reviewed emergency department and hospital admissions for children 0 to 18 years, with(More)
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a relatively common birth defect. It affects about 1114 babies a year in the United States. Reported survival averages 60% but may be significantly lower. We do not understand the etiology of CDH. Its association with other anomalies and several distinct patterns of presentation suggest that more than one cause may exist.(More)
OBJECTIVE Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has evolved as an essential technique for use during pediatric cardiac surgery; however, few studies have evaluated the safety of TEE in children. This series reports endoscopic examination of the esophagus following intraoperative TEE in pediatric patients. METHODS Fifty children undergoing(More)
Many different pathophysiologic conditions can affect the neonatal intestinal tract and ultimately require surgical intervention. The symptomatology is primarily that of bowel dysfunction and obstruction. A thorough understanding of these disease processes is necessary of the managing physician. With this knowledge, a systematic course of resuscitation,(More)
BACKGROUND Delayed repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) for days or longer has become standard, allowing improved stabilization for many, but potentially complicating treatment in severely affected infants who require extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and arrive unrepaired. Survival in left liver-up CDH, the most severe anatomic subset,(More)