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The ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila is a model organism for molecular and cellular biology. Like other ciliates, this species has separate germline and soma functions that are embodied by distinct nuclei within a single cell. The germline-like micronucleus (MIC) has its genome held in reserve for sexual reproduction. The soma-like macronucleus (MAC), which(More)
A k ey diiculty in the design of multi-agent robotic systems is the size and complexity of the space of possible designs. In order to make principled design decisions, an understanding of the many possible system conngurations is essential. To this end, we present a taxonomy that classiies multi-agent systems according to communication, computational and(More)
BACKGROUND Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, commonly known as Ich, is a highly pathogenic ciliate responsible for 'white spot', a disease causing significant economic losses to the global aquaculture industry. Options for disease control are extremely limited, and Ich's obligate parasitic lifestyle makes experimental studies challenging. Unlike most(More)
Eukaryotic cilia and flagella are assembled and maintained by the bidirectional intraflagellar transport (IFT). Studies in alga, nematode, and mouse have shown that the heavy chain (Dyh2) and the light intermediate chain (D2LIC) of the cytoplasmic dynein-2 complex are essential for retrograde intraflagellar transport. In these organisms, disruption of(More)
Dynein is the large molecular motor that translocates to the (-) ends of microtubules. Dynein was first isolated from Tetrahymena cilia four decades ago. The analysis of the primary structure of the dynein heavy chain and the discovery that many organisms express multiple dynein heavy chains have led to two insights. One, dynein, whose motor domain(More)
W e quantify the observation by Kender and Freudenstein [6] that degenerate views occupy a significant fraction of the viewing sphere surrounding an object. This demonstrates that systems for recognition must explicitly account f o r the possibility of view degeneracy. W e show that view degeneracy cannot be detected from a single camera viewpoint. As a(More)
This paper deals with coordinating behaviour in a multi-autonomous robot system. When two or more autonomous robots must interact in order to accomplish some common goal, communication between the robots is essential. Diierent inter-robot communications strategies give rise to diierent overall system performance and reliability. After a brief consideration(More)