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Lipid metabolism is essential for growth and generates much of the energy needed during periods of starvation. In Drosophila, fasting larvae release large quantities of lipid from the fat body but it is unclear how and where this is processed. Here we identify the oenocyte as the principal cell type accumulating lipid droplets during starvation.(More)
We examine the transport properties of a particular two-dimensional, inviscid incompressible flow using dynamical systems techniques. The velocity field is time periodic and consists of the field induced by a vortex pair plus an oscillating strain-rate field. I n the absence of the strain-rate field the vortex pair moves with a constant velocity and carries(More)
Several missense mutations in the ligand-binding domain of human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)gamma have been described in subjects with dominantly inherited severe insulin resistance associated with partial lipodystrophy, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. These mutant receptors behave as dominant-negative inhibitors of PPARgamma signaling(More)
Inclusion of the PPARalpha (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor alpha) activator WY 14,643 in the diet of normal mice stimulated the hepatic expression of not only genes of the fatty acid oxidation pathway, but also those of the de novo lipid synthetic pathways. Induction of fatty acid synthase mRNA by WY 14,643 was greater during the light phase of(More)
Primary hepatocytes cultured in a medium supplemented with amino acids and lipogenic substrates responded to increased extracellular glucose by increasing the secretion of VLDL apoB. This effect was accompanied by an increased secretion of VLDL triacylglycerol (TAG) derived from endogenous stores. Glucose also stimulated intracellular TAG mobilization via(More)
A method is described for the determination of the pH of intracellular water based on the distribution of [14C]benzoate (0.01 mM) between intra- and extra-cellular water. Benzoate at higher concentrations (2-10mM) enters the yeast cell in the undissociated form, and its neutralization within the cell can cause a shift of the pH of the intracellular water by(More)
The integration of lipid metabolism in the splanchnic bed and in subcutaneous adipose tissue before and after ingestion of a 75 g glucose load was studied by Fick's principle in seven healthy subjects. Six additional subjects were studied during a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp. Release of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) from adipose tissue and(More)
The mRNA expression of lipogenic genes Scd-1 and Fas is regulated partly by the insulin-sensitive transcription factor SREBP-1c and liver X receptor alpha (LXRalpha). Compared with normal mice, the increase in the mRNA expression of hepatic Scd-1, Fas, and Srebp-1c was severely attenuated in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha(More)
Tissue lipogenesis is variably controlled by substrate supply and hormones. The possibility that nitric oxide (NO) might regulate lipogenesis derives from the action of NO on coenzyme A (CoA) to produce metabolically inactive S-nitrosoCoA. The effect of the nitric oxide donor S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) on long chain fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis was(More)
Extracellular fatty acids entering the hepatocyte are either esterified to cytosolic TAG or oxidized to ketone bodies. Very little is esterified and secreted directly in association with VLDL. Thus, even when extracellular fatty acids are available, the major, direct source of VLDL TAG is the cytosolic pool. The recruitment of cytosolic TAG for VLDL(More)