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SMILES (Simplified Molecular Input Line Entry System) is a chemical notation system designed for modern chemical information processing. Based on principles of molecular graph theory, SMILES allows rigorous structure specification by use of a very small and natural grammar. The SMILES notation system is also well suited for high-speed machine processing.(More)
The chemical notation language SMILES is designed for the conversion of an arbitrarily chosen description of a chemical structure to one unique notation. This is accomplished in a two-stage algorithm, CANGEN. The first stage involves CANonicalization of structure, whereby the molecule is treated as a graph with nodes (atoms) and edges (bonds). Each atom is(More)
ALADDIN is a computer program for the design or recognition of compounds that meet geometric, steric, and substructural criteria. ALADDIN searches a database of three-dimensional structures, marks atoms that meet substructural criteria, evaluates geometric criteria, and prepares a number of files that are input for molecular modification and coordinate(More)
Dual representation of peptide and non-peptide structures in a chemical database as atomic-level molecular graphs and sequence strings permits chemical substructure and similarity searches as well as sequence-based substring and regular expression searches. CHUCKLES interconverts monomer-based sequences with SMILES, which represent atomic-level molecular(More)
An algorithm, Stigmata, is described, which extracts structural commonalities from chemical datasets. It is discussed using several illustrative examples and a pharmaceutically interesting set of dopamine D2 agonists. The commonalities are determined using two-dimensional topological chemical descriptions and are incorporated into the key feature of the(More)
MENTHOR is a database system for the storage and retrieval of three-dimensional coordinate and charge information on molecules as well as of traditional biological and physical properties. Our molecular graphics system retrieves from MENTHOR structural information in individual molecules and receptor map/macromolecular binding site hypotheses. Substructural(More)
Screening mixtures of synthetic oligomers or fixed templates (e.g., rings) with varying substituents is increasingly the focus of drug discovery programs. CHORTLES is designed and implemented to facilitate representation, storage, and searching of oligomeric and template-based mixtures of any size. Building upon the CHUCKLES method of representing oligomers(More)