David Washburn

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Diffraction enhanced imaging is a new x-ray radiographic imaging modality using monochromatic x-rays from a synchrotron which produces images of thick absorbing objects that are almost completely free of scatter. They show dramatically improved contrast over standard imaging applied to the same phantom. The contrast is based not only on attenuation but also(More)
We have developed a new X-ray imaging technique, diffraction enhanced imaging (DEI), which can be used to independently visualize the refraction and absorption of an object. The images are almost completely scatter-free, allowing enhanced contrast of objects that develop small angle scattering. The combination of these properties has resulted in images of(More)
Our primary goal was to assess users' reactions to web sites and to better understand why they respond more favorably to some web sites than to others. In the present study, we replicated earlier research1 in which participants performed tasks on 12 different web sites and subsequently rated each of the sites along 14 dimensions. As occurred in the earlier(More)
A pregnancy at risk for a severe deforming type of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) was monitored by ultrasonography and radiography. Long bone measurements were normal at 15 1/2 weeks gestation, but ultrasound detected an abnormality of one femur that appeared to be a fracture. The ultrasound study at 19 weeks revealed severe shortness of the femora, and(More)
PURPOSE To explore the potential improvement in image contrast for breast imaging with use of monoenergetic photons. MATERIALS AND METHODS The x-ray energy available from the National Synchrotron Light Source is from 5 to over 50 keV. A specific energy is selected with a tunable crystal monochromator. The object is scanned with a narrow beam of 80.0 x 0.5(More)
Seven breast cancer specimens were examined with diffraction-enhanced imaging at 18 keV with a silicon crystal with use of the silicon 333 reflection in Bragg mode. Images were compared with digital radiographs of the specimen, and regions of increased detail were identified. Six of the seven cases (86%) showed enhanced visibility of surface spiculation(More)
To determine if the improved contrast resolution of full-field digital mammography (FFDM) with reduced spatial resolution allows for superior or equal phantom object detection compared with screen-film mammography (SFM). Tissue equivalent breast phantoms simulating an adipose to glandular ratio of 50/50,30/70, and 20/80 were imaged according to each(More)
Fluorine-19 magnetic resonance imaging is limited by the fact that acquisition times are long and that high concentrations must be used in order to obtain good signal to noise. A significant improvement in signal to noise ratio may be brought about by the addition of Gd-DTPA, a paramagnetic agent which shortens T1. Images of phantoms containing(More)
Minimizing patient exposure while maintaining a diagnostically acceptable radiograph is a major goal in diagnostic radiography. Rare-earth filters may be the means to achieve this goal due to their "band-pass effect". The purpose of this study was to examine the image contrast effects and exposure reductions for various thicknesses of aluminum, samarium,(More)