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Tracheomalacia and tracheobronchomalacia are disorders that are encountered in both pediatric and adult medicine. Despite increasing recognition of these disease processes, there remains some uncertainty regarding their identification, causes, and treatment. This article is intended to be a comprehensive review of both the adult and pediatric forms of the(More)
Differentiation of monocytic precursors often results in adhesive properties thought to be important in migration. In this study, the influence of cytokines, known to induce macrophage differentiation, on the adhesiveness of the monocytic cell line U937 was examined in vitro. Despite development of a macrophage morphology, < 5% of cytokine-stimulated U937(More)
The urokinase receptor (uPAR) binds and localizes urokinase activity at cellular surfaces, facilitating fibrinolysis and cellular migration at sites of tissue injury. uPAR also participates in cellular signaling and regulates integrin-dependent adhesion and migration in vitro. We now report evidence that uPAR occupancy regulates cellular migration in vivo(More)
We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter, randomized trial to test the hypothesis that 300 mg of tobramycin solution for inhalation administered twice daily for 28 days would be safe and result in a profound decrease in Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) density from the lower airway of young children with cystic fibrosis. Ninety-eight subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic fibrosis is a life-limiting disease that is caused by defective or deficient cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein activity. Phe508del is the most common CFTR mutation. METHODS We conducted two phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies that were designed to assess the effects of lumacaftor(More)
Urokinase receptors, expressed on surfaces of many cell types, focus to the pericellular space plasminogen-dependent proteolysis important in matrix remodeling and cell movement. We now report that the urokinase receptor (uPAR) is also a high affinity (Kd < 30 nM) receptor for vitronectin. Recombinant uPAR binds vitronectin in the absence of urokinase, but(More)
Urokinase receptors are distributed on surfaces of many cell types where they are thought to focus plasminogen-dependent proteolysis important to migration and tissue remodeling to the immediate pericellular space. In addition to its well characterized role in proteolysis, urokinase receptor binding per se promotes the adhesiveness of leukemic cell lines(More)
RATIONALE Chronic infection with Burkholderia cepacia complex bacteria in cystic fibrosis is associated with accelerated decline in pulmonary function and increased mortality. Clinical implications of the recently characterized genomovar VI, B. dolosa, are unknown. OBJECTIVES Characterization of impact of B. dolosa on pulmonary function and mortality in(More)