David Waltregny

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CONTEXT Burch colposuspension, pubovaginal sling, and midurethral retropubic tape (RT) and transobturator tape (TOT) have been the most popular surgical treatments for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been published comparing the different techniques, with conflicting results. OBJECTIVE Our aim was(More)
Sirtuins are homologues of the yeast transcriptional repressor Sir2p and are conserved from bacteria to humans. We report that human SIRT4 is localized to the mitochondria. SIRT4 is a matrix protein and becomes cleaved at amino acid 28 after import into mitochondria. Mass spectrometry analysis of proteins that coimmunoprecipitate with SIRT4 identified(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulating evidence suggests that DNA methylation markers could serve as sensitive and specific cancer biomarkers. OBJECTIVE To determine whether a panel of methylated genes would have the potential to identify primary bladder cancer (BCa) in voided urine samples. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A pharmacologic unmasking reexpression(More)
PURPOSE We analyzed the results of a prospective, observational trial designed to assess the safety and efficacy of the TVT-O procedure for female SUI. MATERIALS AND METHODS Preoperative and postoperative evaluations included physical examination, and urinary symptom and quality of life scale questionnaires. RESULTS Between March 2003 and December 2004,(More)
Angiogenesis plays a key role in various physiologic and pathologic conditions, including tumor growth. Drm/gremlin, a member the Dan family of bone morphogenic protein (BMP) antagonists, is commonly thought to affect different processes during growth, differentiation, and development by heterodimerizing various BMPs. Here, we identify Drm/gremlin as a(More)
Transforming Growth Factor beta1 (TGFbeta1) is a crucial cytokine triggering myofibroblastic (MF) differentiation, a process involved in tissue healing as well as in pathologic conditions such as fibrosis and cancer. Together with cell shape modifications, TGFbeta1-mediated differentiation of fibroblasts into myofibroblasts is characteristically associated(More)
EGFR or ERBB2 contributes to prostate cancer (PCa) progression by activating the androgen receptor (AR) in hormone-poor conditions. Here, we investigated the mechanisms by which androgens regulate EGFR and ERBB2 expression in PCa cells. In steroid-depleted medium (SDM), EGFR protein was less abundant in androgen-sensitive LNCaP than in androgen(More)
Kaiso is a BTB/POZ zinc finger protein originally described as an interaction partner of p120ctn. In cultured cell lines, Kaiso is found almost exclusively in the nucleus, where it generally acts as a transcriptional repressor. Here, we describe the first in situ immunolocalization studies of Kaiso expression in normal and cancerous tissues. Surprisingly,(More)
Histopathological studies of gastrointestinal motility disorders have mainly focused on enteric nerves and interstitial cells of Cajal, but rarely considered the enteric musculature. Here we used both classical and novel smooth muscle markers and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to investigate muscular alterations in severe colorectal motility(More)
CONTEXT Abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) represents the superior treatment for apical pelvic organ prolapse (POP) but is associated with increased length of stay, analgesic requirement, and cost compared with transvaginal procedures. Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) and robot-assisted sacrocolpopexy (RSC) may offer shorter postoperative recovery while(More)