David Walshaw

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In magnetic-stimulation studies where motor-evoked potentials (MEP) are measured on different occasions, accurate relocation of the stimulation site on the scalp is essential. Here a novel method of locating neural stimulation sites was tested and the reproducibility of MEPs in the human masseter assessed. The heads of the participants were immobilized in a(More)
The cortical topography of several limb and trunk muscles has been disclosed using transcranial magnetic stimulation, but the corticomotor representation of the human jaw muscles has not yet been described. An experimental paradigm incorporating transcranial magnetic stimulation of verified sites on the scalp was used (a) to determine the cortical(More)
Non-invasive magnetic stimulation of the brain was earlier used to reveal the corticomotor representation of the human masseter muscle but it is unclear how motor tasks affect this map. An experimental approach incorporating transcranial magnetic stimulation of verified locations on the scalp, surface electromyography, and controlled muscle facilitation was(More)
Mutants of Rhizobium leguminosarum were selected that were altered in the uptake activity of the general amino acid permease (Aap). The main class of mutant maps to sucA and sucD, which are part of a gene cluster mdh-sucCDAB, which codes for malate dehydrogenase (mdh), succinyl-CoA synthetase (sucCD) and components of the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase(More)
BACKGROUND Three children who had cardiac transplantation before age 4 years later presented with recurrent sinopulmonary infection caused by organisms including Streptococcus pneumoniae, in which capsular polysaccharide plays an important part, one developed bronchiectasis. We therefore studied responses to polysaccharide antigen after immunosuppression(More)
A cysE gene encoding a serine acetyltransferase (SAT) potentially involved in the biosynthesis of cysteine was identified approximately 4 kb upstream of the previously described aapJQMP gene cluster that encodes an amino acid permease in Rhizobium leguminosarum strain 3841. The gene exhibits >40% identity to the family of SATs containing N-terminal(More)
SUMMARY Models for the behaviour of environmental processes at extreme levels are vital for the design of defences against the rarest events which are liable to occur. A range of classical techniques have been developed to estimate high quantiles in the distributions of stationary and non{stationary series, but these generally suuer from a scarcity of data(More)
AIMS The effect of local anaesthetics on optic nerve function can be investigated by quantifying the relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD). METHODS The study compared the depth of induced RAPD following posterior sub-Tenon's, retrobulbar, and peribulbar local anaesthetics using crossed polarising filters before cataract surgery (time 1 = 5 minutes),(More)
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