David Wachter

Learn More
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested that breast cancer risk factors are associated with estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) expression status of the tumors. METHODS We pooled tumor marker and epidemiological risk factor data from 35,568 invasive breast cancer case patients from 34 studies participating in the Breast Cancer(More)
The pathological complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is a surrogate marker for a favorable prognosis in breast cancer patients. Factors capable of predicting a pCR, such as the proliferation marker Ki67, may therefore help improve our understanding of the drug response and its effect on the prognosis. This study investigated the(More)
Epidemiological studies indicated that type 2 diabetes mellitus may increase breast cancer risk and mortality. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to examine the effect of diabetes on the clinical course and the prognosis of early stage breast cancer in relation to tumour and patient characteristics. The cohort analyzed in this study consisted of(More)
INTRODUCTION Gastrokine-1 (GKN1) is a secreted auto-/paracrine protein, described to be expressed in the gastric mucosa. In gastric cancers GKN1 expression is commonly down-regulated. While current research focusses on the exploration of tumor-suppressive properties of GKN1 with regard to its potential clinical use in the treatment of gastroenterologic(More)
PI3K/Akt/mTOR and p53 signaling pathways are frequently deregulated in tumors. The anticancer drug RAD001 (everolimus) is a known mTOR-inhibitor, but mTOR-inhibition leads to phosphorylation of Akt inducing resistance against RAD001 treatment. There is growing evidence that conflicting signals transduced by the oncogene Akt and the tumorsuppressor p53 are(More)
There is growing evidence that certain breast cancer (BC) risk factors specifically increase the risk for specific molecular tumor subtypes. Different molecular subtypes of BC can partly be described by analyzing proliferation in tumors. Very few data are available regarding the association of mammographic density (MD), as a BC risk factor, with(More)
We show that a distribution of micrometer-sized calcifications in the human breast which are not visible in clinical x-ray mammography at diagnostic dose levels can produce a significant dark-field signal in a grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging setup with a tungsten anode x-ray tube operated at 40 kVp. A breast specimen with invasive ductal(More)
Mastectomy specimens were investigated using a Talbot-Lau X-ray imaging set-up. Significant structures in the darkfield were observed, which revealed considerably higher contrast than those observed in digital mammography. Comparison with the histomorphometric image proofs that the darkfield signal correlates with a tumor region containing small(More)
AIMS Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) usually present with advanced disease and rarely qualify for curative therapy. Immunohistochemical markers that help to discriminate benign from malignant processes early, and that have prognostic significance, would be useful. Expression of the oncofetal protein insulin-like growth factor II mRNA-binding(More)
One leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality is intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Several causes for IUGR have been proposed involving cytotrophoblast dysfunction. Envelope genes of the human endogenous retrovirus (HERV)-W (Syncytin-1), -FRD (Syncytin-2), and -P(b) have fusogenic properties, whereas envelope genes of HERV-R, -V1, and -V2(More)