David W. Wareham

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A new variant of the New Delhi metallo-enzyme (NDM) carbapenemase was identified in a multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli ST648 isolate recovered from the perineum and throat of a patient in the United Kingdom with a recent history of hospitalization in India. NDM-5 differed from existing enzymes due to substitutions at positions 88 (Val → Leu) and 154(More)
Escherichia coli is the commonest cause of community and nosocomial urinary tract infection (UTI). Antibiotic treatment is usually empirical relying on susceptibility data from local surveillance studies. We therefore set out to determine levels of resistance to 8 commonly used antimicrobial agents amongst all urinary isolates obtained over a 12 month(More)
Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAB) presents an increasing challenge to health care. Although colistin has been used as a treatment of last resort, there is concern regarding its potential for toxicity and the emergence of resistance. The mechanism of action of colistin, however, raises the possibility of synergy with compounds that are(More)
Infection due to Acinetobacter baumannii has become a significant challenge to modern healthcare systems. The organism shows a formidable capacity to develop antimicrobial resistance, yet the clinical impact of A. baumannii infection remains unclear. Much is known about the processes involved in multidrug resistance, but those underlying the pathogenicity(More)
Acinetobacter spp. are increasingly reported as important causes of human infection. Many isolates exhibit multi-drug resistance, raising concerns over our ability to treat serious infections with these organisms. The impact of infection on clinical outcome as well as the importance of multi-drug resistance is poorly defined. A descriptive retrospective(More)
The treatment of Acinetobacter baumannii infections poses a significant clinical challenge, with isolates resistant to all commonly used agents increasingly being reported. With few new agents in the pipeline, clinicians are increasingly turning to combinations of antimicrobials in the hope that they may act synergistically together. In this study we(More)
OBJECTIVES Tigecycline non-susceptibility in individual Acinetobacter baumannii isolates has been associated with up-regulation of the resistance-nodulation-division (RND)-type efflux system, AdeABC. We sought to relate variation in the expression of this system to differences in modal tigecycline MIC among prevalent A. baumannii clones. The role of AdeABC(More)
The activity of colistin in combination with daptomycin was assessed using 30 Gram-negative type strains and multidrug-resistant isolates with defined mechanisms of resistance. Daptomycin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined with and without sub-inhibitory concentrations of colistin. The activity of daptomycin was not affected with(More)
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is increasingly recognised as an important nosocomial pathogen. Treatment options are limited due to intrinsic resistance to many antibiotics as well as concerns over toxicity of the mainstay of treatment, co-trimoxazole. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major catechin found in green tea, has been shown to have(More)
The anaerobic isolation of anginosus group streptococci (AGS) from respiratory specimens containing diverse microbiota using a semiselective blood agar medium incorporating nalidixic acid and sulfamethazine (NAS) is described. AGS were detected in 60% of tested sputa from patients with cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and(More)