Learn More
The anaerobic isolation of anginosus group streptococci (AGS) from respiratory specimens containing diverse microbiota using a semiselective blood agar medium incorporating nalidixic acid and sulfamethazine (NAS) is described. AGS were detected in 60% of tested sputa from patients with cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and(More)
Acinetobacter spp. are increasingly reported as important causes of human infection. Many isolates exhibit multi-drug resistance, raising concerns over our ability to treat serious infections with these organisms. The impact of infection on clinical outcome as well as the importance of multi-drug resistance is poorly defined. A descriptive retrospective(More)
A new variant of the New Delhi metallo-enzyme (NDM) carbapenemase was identified in a multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli ST648 isolate recovered from the perineum and throat of a patient in the United Kingdom with a recent history of hospitalization in India. NDM-5 differed from existing enzymes due to substitutions at positions 88 (Val → Leu) and 154(More)
Infection due to Acinetobacter baumannii has become a significant challenge to modern healthcare systems. The organism shows a formidable capacity to develop antimicrobial resistance, yet the clinical impact of A. baumannii infection remains unclear. Much is known about the processes involved in multidrug resistance, but those underlying the pathogenicity(More)
BACKGROUND Escherichia coli is the commonest cause of community and nosocomial urinary tract infection (UTI). Antibiotic treatment is usually empirical relying on susceptibility data from local surveillance studies. We therefore set out to determine levels of resistance to 8 commonly used antimicrobial agents amongst all urinary isolates obtained over a 12(More)
Acquired carbapenemases pose one of the most pressing public health threats relating to antibiotic resistance. In most countries, the number of carbapenemase-producing bacteria from human clinical specimens is rising, and the epidemiological status of these multiresistant bacteria is progressively worsening. Furthermore, there is a growing number of reports(More)
The objective of this study was to develop and validate an expanded multiplex PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of eight plasmid-mediated quinolone-resistance determinants in Enterobacteriaceae. Primers were designed to amplify conserved fragments of qnrABCDS, qepA, oqxAB and aac(6')-Ib-cr genes and were optimized in uniplex and multiplex PCR assays(More)
OBJECTIVES Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MRAB) is an increasing problem in UK hospitals, with many strains now resistant to all available antibiotics except polymyxins. Tigecycline has been used for the treatment of MRAB as it demonstrates activity in vitro, but there are limited data on its clinical efficacy in Gram-negative infections,(More)
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is increasingly recognised as an important nosocomial pathogen. Treatment options are limited due to intrinsic resistance to many antibiotics as well as concerns over toxicity of the mainstay of treatment, co-trimoxazole. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major catechin found in green tea, has been shown to have(More)
Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAB) presents an increasing challenge to health care. Although colistin has been used as a treatment of last resort, there is concern regarding its potential for toxicity and the emergence of resistance. The mechanism of action of colistin, however, raises the possibility of synergy with compounds that are(More)