David W. Wareham

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BACKGROUND Escherichia coli is the commonest cause of community and nosocomial urinary tract infection (UTI). Antibiotic treatment is usually empirical relying on susceptibility data from local surveillance studies. We therefore set out to determine levels of resistance to 8 commonly used antimicrobial agents amongst all urinary isolates obtained over a 12(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic human pathogen often associated with life-threatening infections in the immunocompromised and the critically ill. Strains are often multidrug-resistant (MDR) and due to the lack of new synthetic antimicrobials in development for treatment, attention is increasingly focused on natural compounds either as(More)
BACKGROUND Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as a major nosocomial pathogen worldwide. Many of the circulating strains exhibit multi-drug resistance remaining consistently susceptible only to polymyxins. In-vitro studies have reported that polymyxins combined with carbapenems, rifampicin or azithromycin are synergistic against these strains despite(More)
The antimicrobial treatment of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infections is complicated by intrinsic multidrug resistance and a lack of reliable susceptibility data. We assessed the activity of colistin (COL), rifampicin (RIF) and tigecycline (TGC) alone and in combination using a range of in vitro susceptibility testing methodologies and a simple(More)
OBJECTIVES Metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-based resistance is a threat to the use of most β-lactam antibiotics. Multiple variants of the New Delhi MBL (NDM) have recently been reported. Previous reports indicate that the substitutions affect NDM activity despite being located outside the active site. This study compares the biochemical properties of seven(More)
The activity of colistin in combination with daptomycin was assessed using 30 Gram-negative type strains and multidrug-resistant isolates with defined mechanisms of resistance. Daptomycin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined with and without sub-inhibitory concentrations of colistin. The activity of daptomycin was not affected with(More)
Extra-intestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli are a significant cause of urinary tract infection and bacteraemia within the UK. We sought to identify the serogroups of 658 E. coli isolates collected in the UK between January 2011 and March 2012, to better understand the ExPEC population and understand the relevance of serogroups in this pathotype. Isolates(More)
A strain of Listeria monocytogenes recovered from blood and cerebrospinal fluid had no detectable catalase activity, a characteristic used for primary identification. The sporadic occurrence of pathogenic catalase-negative strains highlights the need for a reconsideration of diagnostic criteria and questions the role of catalase in the pathogenesis of(More)
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