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Previous functional imaging studies have demonstrated a number of discrete brain structures that increase activity with noxious stimulation. Of the commonly identified central structures, only the anterior cingulate cortex shows a consistent response during the experience of pain. The insula and thalamus demonstrate reasonable consistency while all other(More)
This paper presents two new rebinning algorithms for the reconstruction of three-dimensional (3-D) positron emission tomography (PET) data. A rebinning algorithm is one that first sorts the 3-D data into an ordinary two-dimensional (2-D) data set containing one sinogram for each transaxial slice to be reconstructed; the 3-D image is then recovered by(More)
Changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) have previously been demonstrated in a number of cortical and subcortical regions, including the cerebellum, midbrain, thalamus, lentiform nucleus, and the insula, prefrontal, anterior cingulate, and parietal cortices, in response to experimental noxious stimuli. Increased anterior cingulate responses in(More)
Coastal waters of the United States (U.S.) are subject to many of the major harmful algal bloom (HAB) poisoning syndromes and impacts. These include paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP), neurotoxic shellfish poisoning (NSP), amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP), ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP) and various other HAB phenomena such as fish kills, loss of submerged(More)
The purpose of these guidelines is to assist physicians in recommending, performing, interpreting, and reporting the results of 18 F-FDG PET/CT for oncologic imaging of adult and pediatric patients. PET is a tomographic scintigraphic technique in which a computer-generated image of local radioactive tracer distribution in tissues is produced through the(More)
In this work we demonstrate the proof of principle of CT-based attenuation correction of 3D positron emission tomography (PET) data by using scans of bone and soft tissue equivalent phantoms and scans of humans. This method of attenuation correction is intended for use in a single scanner that combines volume-imaging (3D) PET with x-ray computed tomography(More)
The purpose of this study was to apply a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-compatible positron emission tomographic (PET) detector technology for simultaneous MR/PET imaging of the human brain and skull base. The PET detector ring consists of lutetium oxyorthosilicate (LSO) scintillation crystals in combination with avalanche photodiodes (APDs) mounted in a(More)
Hypothalamic sites were selected which elicited flight (escape) behavior in the freely moving cat. Sympatho-adrenal (SA) activation was determined by measuring the levels of norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) in bilateral adrenolumbar and peripheral venous plasma following stimulation of these 29 hypothalamic sites in 18 anesthetized cats. Heart rate(More)
Sympatho-adrenal (SA) activation was determined by measuring levels of norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) in bilateral adrenal venous and peripheral venous plasma of 20 anesthetized cats following stimulation of medial hypothalamic sites. Hypothalamic sites were selected that elicited affective defense behavior in the freely moving cat. Fifty-eight(More)
A previous functional imaging study demonstrated greater female response in the anterior insula and thalamus and left prefrontal activation in men and right prefrontal activation in women during equal heat intensity but unequal pain experience. For the current study, subjective intensities of noxious heat delivered to the back of the right hand were(More)